In the framework of the regional industry Day in Yaroslavl was opened the regional center of "My business". In the new building on Sverdlova street for the convenience of entrepreneurs gathered all the structures of support of small and medium-sized businesses.
The ceremony was attended by Deputy Chairman of the regional Government Maxim Avdeev, Deputy General Director of JSC "Corporation of SMEs" Maxim Lyubomudrov, heads of structures of the investment unit of the government of Yaroslavl region.
– The opening of this modern and multifunctional centre – the beginning of a new phase of business, – said Maxim Avdeev. Such a service model providing support on a single platform will allow entrepreneurs a comfortable environment to obtain full and reliable information will simplify the communication and reduce the time of service.
At the centre of "My business" Center for entrepreneurship support, regional export support Center, a branch of the SME Bank in Yaroslavl, the entrepreneurship support Fund, Fund for the development of industry and agriculture. In addition, it will house Regional leasing company – a new tool to support small and individual business.
In the framework of the inauguration of the centre took place the signing of agreements on cooperation of a Regional leasing company with Directorate Yao branch of PJSC "VTB Bank" and the enterprise "Zavod PSM". The first is aimed at providing entrepreneurs a wide range of banking products on favorable terms, raise their awareness of the opportunities of the leasing support. PSM plant rlk becomes a partner as a supplier of the leased equipment.
While rlk Yaroslavl already has cooperation agreements with the organizations of infrastructure of support of small and medium enterprises in other regions of the Central Federal district, and the Sakhalin oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, republics of Adygeya and Ingushetia.
Center "My business" is located at the address: Yaroslavl, street Sverdlova, 25d, 3rd floor.
University of business of URALSIB Bank has started cooperation with one of the leading services for job search and staff Rabota.ru. The first webinar will take place this week!
Wednesday, 3 October 2018, at 14:00 GMT join the online seminar on "recruiting Tools that move the business forward." The webinar will guide Victoria Zaborskaya, head of special projects Rabota.ru.
The topics we will review at the meeting:
Participation in training is free. To register for the event on the link.
Vice-President of the Union the "Kaliningrad chamber of Commerce", public representative of ASI in the region of Marina Fitsak took part in the round table "Economic development areas: incentive mechanisms," held in the framework of the forum "Community".
In discussions about the fate of small towns and mechanisms that allow stagnant areas to develop was attended by the Director of the Center for social design "Platform" Alexey Firsov, the Commissioner for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs of the Kaliningrad region Georgy Breath, member of the Commission of Public chamber of the Russian Federation for economic development, entrepreneurship, sphere of services and consumer market Anna Churakova, Vice-President of "Avtotor holding" Dmitry Chemakin, representatives of municipalities of the Kaliningrad region and other regions of Russia.
The tone of the conversation asked Marina Fitsak, outlining the challenges facing the business, coming with his project is not developed in social terms: "We give incentives to open businesses that never appeared, but first tell me where you can go out without galoshes... And if these benefits still go to the undermining of the budget of the territory, that is wrong!"
According to the representative of the largest business enterprises of the region – the Kaliningrad TPP, everyone has to do their work: the business - production, the municipality is "to provide the inhabitants with decent living conditions, which they want to provide them with comfortable accommodation if you want to maintain a level of happiness!"
How to achieve this happiness and tried to find out the participants of the round table raised, including the issues of uneven financial security of the territories, allocation of tax payments between budgets of different levels, creation of regional geomrandom, economic incentives for municipalities that successfully develop small and medium businesses in their territories.
Dmitry Chemakin said that we should give to the heads of municipalities the opportunity to manage the resources of the territories.
As a result of rough discussion, was born the opinion that job security creates self-esteem and gives a boost to the revival site. Jobs creates a business, but entrepreneurial initiative is able to spin the flywheel motion to the revival site.
Business person of the Russian Union of Industrialists and entrepreneurs (RSPP) asked for more to soften the parameters of the upcoming changes in pension legislation. In particular, the RSPP proposes to index pensions to retired workers and free employers from part of the contributions for mandatory health insurance. According to experts, faced with the negative reaction of the government on previous proposals to change the pension maneuver, the business is trying to get the preferences that have no direct relationship with the debated bill.
RSPP has sent a letter to the government with proposals for changes in pension legislation, told "Izvestia" head of the Union Alexander Shokhin on the sidelines of the WEF. Business requests to index pensions to working pensioners, as the employer pays for their pension contributions along with all. Also RSPP proposes to partially release the company from contributions for compulsory health insurance if employees participate in the program of voluntary insurance. In addition, the business asks to allow to include the cost of professional education and retraining of personnel in companies ' costs, i.e. the costs of goods and services, said Alexander Shokhin.
Representatives of business associations have already taken the initiative to reduce premiums for pretensioners. However, as previously wrote "Izvestia", the Ministry of Finance the idea is not supported.
Offering indexation of payments to working pensioners, business, on the one hand, advocated "people", and on the other looking for opportunities to reduce costs for salaries, says the managing Director of macroeconomic analysis and forecasting "Expert RA" Anton tabah. In particular, through the payment of pensions to working pensioners the state actually subsidizes the employer part of the salary of his employees. The more such pension, the more "moral rights" of the employer to put the employee-retiree's salary below the average for the company, explained the expert.
The proposal to reduce or eliminate payments into the Fund of compulsory medical insurance for companies, providing their employees with a commercial policy is also aimed at economic the offload business, says a leading expert, center for macroeconomic analysis and short-term forecasting Igor Polyakov. However, as in the case of indexation of pensions to workers, retirees, sometimes to the detriment of their interests in traditional LCA policies to part not the whole range of medical services offered at the level of OMS (emergency call, technologically-complex operations).
According to experts, directly related to the pension reform proposals of the RSPP does not have. It is rather an attempt to negotiate preferences in other areas, using a wide discussion about raising the retirement age that affect a wide range of legal norms, explained Anton tabah. Their future will depend on how much it will cost to different ministries, said Igor Polyakov.
In addition to economic measures, the RSPP also proposes to give the business an opportunity to resolve disputes with the dismissed employee approaching retirement age by the administrative code, before use criminal mechanisms.
— Disputes should be the Affairs of the public-private nature. This means that it should be criminal only in the event of any damage and the injured party, which says it. That is, can someone just blame the employer that it has violated someone's rights, if the victim is not told about it. But to say he can when you win the dispute — said Alexander Shokhin.
The proposal to transfer the conflict to the employer dismissed employee "silver age" of criminal plane in the administrative due to the desire of business to eliminate leverage, the use of which is pushing an update to the criminal code, the partner of legal firm "duvernoy ligal" Alexander Arbuzov. It is no secret that the Russian business environment is arranged in such a way that the threat of criminal prosecution is the most effective tool of influence on the competitor, political opponent, and so forth, explains the lawyer. It is understandable that the business is not interested in that insignificant in the scale of large companies, the question of labor disputes has become a lever in corporate conflicts, said Alexander Arbuzov. In fact, pretensioner risk in this case to get into a situation of so-called mobbing — psychological harassment to dismissal, the expert added.
Gradual increase in the retirement age is expected next year to 60 years for women and 65 for men. In the government the need for the measure due to the demographic crisis of the 1990-ies, due to which the labor market is now out fewer people than a pension. It is expected that the increase in age for the holidays will allow you to index payments to pensioners at a faster pace than inflation.
22 August 2018, Moscow – Russian franchise Association (hereinafter RAF) jointly with the Moscow chamber of Commerce and industry (hereinafter – the MCCI) and the State budgetary institution "Moscow Small Business" held a practical conference "How to bring the company to national and international market" for entrepreneurs. Moderators of the event were the Roman Tweety, Vice-President of MCCI and Agnessa Osipova, President of the RAF.
Speakers of the event, representatives of the franchising business community, TOP managers of the largest franchise companies and companies providing services in the field of franchising, presented practical case studies and his experience told about how to withdraw business in the international arena and what difficulties you may encounter.
Alexander Zaitsev, the chief of tsub to the MCS of GBU "Small business of Moscow" told about the methods of state support of small and medium enterprises, including companies, developing via franchising model.
Success stories shared Gennady Kochetkov, Vice President of Subway Russia Franchising Company, Steve Aralov, Director of franchising "Maegra", Vitaly Dmitriev, Director of franchising Dunkin Donuts, Polina Kirova, co-founder of the brand "Ribsey".
Practical cases of the process of organization of the process of entering new markets and the intricacies of the development of a franchising package shared Eugene Zyabkina, Director of "Konsaltika" and Maria Novikova, head of development and promotion of company Taprantzis.
One of the main goals of the RAF is to ensure the development of the institution of franchising in Russia, as well as improving legal and business environment in which entrepreneurs operate. Twenty years of its existence, the organization has United in its ranks the most famous franchising companies, has achieved international recognition, has prepared proposals for changing the existing legislation. The Association regularly organizes lectures, seminars, practical conference with the leaders of the market, where he actively sanctifies the main issues of franchising in Russia. All events are open and free to entrepreneurs.
In 2018 the first time in history Russia has received members of the international franchise business community. The RAF received the exclusive right to host the World franchise Council, the world Forum on franchising and Franchise Expo Moscow exhibition, which was held in may of the year 2018 in Moscow.
Entrepreneurs using online-cash "Motor", is now available loan from PSB "PSB "it's simple!" with a limit of up to 1 million rubles. Offer listed in your account "Avatar", where the entrepreneur can leave the application and get a decision on the loan without visiting the Bank's office.
Application takes 5 minutes – you must specify the amount and term of the loan, and provide consent to the processing of personal data and request in Bureau of credit stories. In accordance with the request of the entrepreneur "Motor" will provide the Bank with required financial information about the company. Within 12 hours the Bank will take a decision without further request documents and coordinate with the client time of departure of the Manager to open a current account. Registration and receiving the credit the Internet Bank Promsvyazbank takes only 5 minutes.
"PSB uses the advanced technology of digital organisations to automate and transfer their online credit products for SMEs. The result is solutions that significantly saves time and resources of the entrepreneur, – said the innocent Volovik, Director of products and technologies of small and medium business PSB. – Our new joint project with the company "Motor" designed just for this purpose. Businesses that use online-cash "Avatar" at least the last 6 months, will be able to quickly and easily take out a loan to PSB without bail and sureties".
"According to our estimations, today in obtaining Bank loans interest at least half of the entrepreneurs with their business. At the same time, the difficulty of access to Finance, most of them called one of the main problems faced by small business. We are working with PSB make Bank loans more affordable in the first place due to the fact that the Bank facilitate the decision-making process. Technologies make the business transparent and understandable for the Bank and the entrepreneur gets necessary funding for the development of your business," – says Anton Booth, head of big data company "Motor".
This offer is valid only for customers "Avatar".
Sergey Zaversky gave comments to the newspaper "Izvestia"Entrepreneurs cover the need for financing by crowdfunding
Small and medium businesses became less likely to seek credit financing today it attracts only a third of Russian enterprises. This is evidenced by the analytical center of the NAFI. According to experts, it is caused by requirements of the Central Bank to financial institutions, the decline in consumer activity, as well as the growing popularity of crowdfunding platforms.
According to the analytical center NAFI, in the first quarter of this year 32% of companies have attracted external funding. It was 12 p. p. less compared to the same period in 2017 (44%). Companies mainly use Bank loans collateral for legal persons (16% of the companies, a reduction of 5 p. p.) and unsecured loans to businesses (7%, a drop of 3 percentage points).
Other entrepreneurs to attract funding, but it does not act as legal entities: 5% take the money borrowed from friends, relatives and other individuals, 3% private equity, 2% arrange Bank loans as individuals. 1% of entrepreneurs are borrowing microfinance institutions.
In the last years there is a global change of business structure of SMEs — said Director of the small business BKS Bank Dmitry Kostenko. — Often the only asset of the new business intelligence employees. It is especially characteristic for fast growing IT industry. The office is rented inside only tables, chairs and computers. Bank is nothing to take as collateral with such companies, as required by adopted and outdated standards. However, many of these companies profitable and able to pay the loan on time.
Also, according to Dmitry Kostenko, the number of applications by SMEs for loans is affected close monitoring of the Central Bank for lending to this segment: almost every loan issued by the controller may require from the Bank an explanation of the decision. Lenders want to borrowers with a portfolio with no delinquency, of which SMEs are a bit, said analyst GK "ALOR" Alexei Antonov.
Head of Department of analytical researches of Institute of complex strategic studies Sergei Zaversky noted that interest rates on SME loans is now five times higher than inflation, so ask for them is unprofitable. They are in the region of 11.5–12.5% with inflation of 2.3%. In early 2014, SMEs could raise funds at 12.5–13.5% per annum with an inflation rate of 6-7%.
— The part of the borrower hopes that the Central Bank will continue to reduce the key rate, and loans will become more profitable, so now it lays applying for funding, — said Sergey Zaversky.
Analyst "Discovery broker" Timur Nigmatullin said that this spring, real incomes and consumer spending fell, which resulted in a decrease in demand for loans from SMEs.
— Small and medium businesses, predominantly in the service sector: retail trade, transport, catering, domestic services, — he explained. — Meanwhile, the sector data is sensitive to the dynamics of real incomes and consumer activity. If it falls, then the demand for borrowed funds (as a minimum under the working capital) is also reduced.
In addition, according to Dmitry Kostenko, there's an alternative p2p platform.
Through them small business loans not banks, and individuals, — said Dmitry Kostenko. — Today, small companies in some cases easier to get a loan through a crowdfunding platform, as their technique of lending is not yet there are strict norms of the Central Bank.
According to the platform Penenza.ru in 2017 the volume of lending to SMEs through crowdfunding made up 10.85 billion.
On crowdfunding sites pre-approved 80% of loan applications of SMEs, 40% of them subsequently issued, noted in Penenza.ru. — In 70% of cases the company wants SMEs to obtain a loan of up to 1 million rubles. However, the gains are catching up fast loans from 1 million to 3 million rubles, and large loans from 10 million, which is comparable to Bank loans.
According to experts, the trend in the declining share of enterprises applying for Finance in the banks, did not affect the development of the business.
Managing partner at audit company "2K" Tamara Kasyanova confirms that the business uses an alternative source of financing — crowdfunding, covering their need for money. In addition, interest rates on loans to SMEs will be reduced after the key rate of the Central Bank, so loans will become more accessible, she said.
31 Aug Bogdan Yarovoy, managing partner of the venture capital company SmartHub, coming to the Studio Kaliningrad chamber of Commerce, to talk about venture capital activities, investing in startups and how to understand what the project is all the same "shoot".
Bogdan Yarovoy in 2014 traded strict definiteness of the banking sector to risky (venture) investments. Together with its partners, invests in technology companies early stage around the world. "Our task is to find a stellar team, to come up with an innovative product or technology, targeted at the emerging global market, which eventually grows into a business worth 100+ million dollars, - tells Bogdan Vitalievich. For 3 years we have invested in 33 startups in Russia, Lithuania, Australia, Hong Kong, Germany, England, USA, Canada."
A series of events - "a Night with the sharks of the business of the Kaliningrad region" - it's 12 meetings - discussions with entrepreneurs who built from scratch a business in our region.
We will be glad to see our "Evening" held from entrepreneurs and beginner businessmen, students, business programs, economically active residents of the region who are thinking about starting their own business.
Meeting with Mr. Summer will be held August 31 at 16:00 (Soviet PR-t, 179, meeting room on the 6th floor). The discussion will be able to participate as the audience in the Studio and watching what is happening on the screen, because each "Evening" is online on the page etc on a social network "Facebook" (https://www.facebook.com/vatutina20/)
Union "chamber of Commerce of Kaluga region" informs on the launch of the portal for entrepreneurs.
"IT's a Business" portal, developed by the CCI, which was presented in June 2018. The project aims to develop and support entrepreneurs who are members of the system of chambers of Commerce and SMEs.
TPP the Kaluga region, as a partner in promoting the service offers You to use the privileges of membership in the TPP — free to register on the portal and participate in the project.
The portal "IT — BUSINESS" was created to support and develop Your business. You can use the latest technology and the possibility of chamber of Commerce and industry throughout Russia.
Features of this resource:
Benefits for members of the TPP the Kaluga region:
IT's a BUSINESS (Efficiency. Technology. Experience):
Annual subscription to the portal "IT – BUSINESS" for entrepreneurs ranges from 3600 rubles per month (through the house), members of the chamber of Commerce for free! (subject to annual membership fee).
To get access to the portal "IT – BUSINESS" (https://etobiznes.com), enterprise – member TPP must obtain a promotional code to register on the website. In the case of a bona fide payment of the membership fee to Your e-mail will be sent a unique code to activate a personal account, valid until 31 January 2019.
specialist of Department of Support of investment projects and foreign economic activity of the"Center financial investment and consulting business support" TPP Kaluga region
8 (4842) 77-77-66, 79-63-71
The new service has become available on the website of GBU "Small business of Moscow". Answering the seven questions in the online service, entrepreneurs can obtain recommendations on the choice suitable for his business tax system.
In Moscow has launched an online service for small and medium business, which will help entrepreneurs choose the optimal tax regime. It was developed by the Metropolitan Department of science, industrial policy and entrepreneurship in cooperation with GBU "Small business of Moscow". The service is working in test mode, the feedback from business planning to within two weeks.
"Budding entrepreneurs can be difficult to define an appropriate tax system. Now, just answer seven questions in the online service, they will receive competent recommendations, taking into account features of activity of the company", — said Natalia Sergunina, Deputy Moscow mayor for economic policy and property and land relations.
The service "Pick up tax regime" is available on the website www.mbm.ru in the section "Online services". The entrepreneur needs to answer questions about your business: for example, how many employees you plan to hire how much in average annual revenue and who are the main clients — individuals or legal entities.
When the businessman will answer all the questions, the system will suggest the most suitable system of taxation: General, simplified, the patent system, or unified agricultural tax. In addition, the service will explain that suggests one or the other system.
If the employer requires more detailed information on the tax system, he may consult a specialist, GBU "Moscow Small business". To do this, click on the selected system (the button will appear at the conclusion of the test), then the site will open an electronic form for recording. Here you need to provide your status (individual, legal entity or individual entrepreneur), name, phone number, email address, subject and your question.
Response, the businessman will receive within 24 hours via email, when meeting with a specialist, GBU "Moscow Small business", by phone or in one of the 15 service Centres for business (with the owner previously will be contacted to clarify the most convenient way of obtaining advice).
GBU "Moscow Small business" also regularly conducts training seminars for entrepreneurs. In the classroom talk about optimal tax regimes, features of filling of the tax reporting and much more. To see the schedule of seminars on the website of the institution.
In Moscow there are more than 849 thousand subjects of small and average business (13% of the total across the country) are more than two million people.
More than two years the business was waiting for the Federal tax service (FNS) will reveal tax secrets and publish the first secret information about the companies. The amendment that the state Duma adopted in June 2016, and FNS has been required to publish information on taxes paid, the average number of employees, revenues and expenditures of the company and their debt. For the first time to do it, on going in July 2017, but the publication was postponed several times.
Wednesday, August 1, on site service, we finally have information on special tax regimes companies average number of employees and their participation in a consolidated taxpayers ' group (CTG) at the end of 2017.
But while working with these data is virtually impossible, lawyers warn. On posted simple files with data in the form of computer code or archival data set, a perplexed senior lawyer at Taxadvisor, Victor Andreev: "it is not the search for information difficult to understand even for a specialist, and find the specific company is almost impossible".
This is an Excel spreadsheet with a data array in which nothing is clear, agree partner Taxology Alexey Artyukh and partner, EY Alexey Nesterenko. Information placed in the form of open data according to the Tax code, said the representative of the FNS in response to the question, whether the upgraded database.
Some data about the companies, published on and before: information about the registration, the share capital and the founders. But it's not enough due diligence and check out company. The obligation for the business secured the Supreme arbitration court (the United Supreme court). Otherwise, the company can be claimed, for example, that she has signed a contract with the firm-a something ephemeral, and then she can be denied a VAT refund.
Due diligence is still problematic – FTS does not provide additional data on the taxpayers, even on request, says the head of tax practice at "Egorov, Puginsky, Afanasiev and partners" Sergey Kalinin. The company may request from contractors statutes, balance, reports, meeting with CEOs, he enumerates, but still not always able to prove that fairly well checked company. From the disclosure of the business reassurance that, checking contractor in this service, he will avoid claims of tax authorities, says Andreyev, but it is important that FNS take this into account.
Information is posted as provided by law, explains a Federal official, the information will be able to use the integrators, such as SPARK, uploading the data in system that are ordinarily used in the business. If the need for placing information in a different form would be great, maybe in the future it will be done, although it is foreseen in the law, he said.
companies working in Russia, according to the NRF at the end of June 2018 15,000 of them belong to the category of major taxpayers, assessed a member of the Advisory Board of the CCI Maxim Chwalibog. It is a business with income of over 35 billion rubles, in the regions above 2 billion rubles In such companies should work more than 50 people, their assets exceed RUB 100 million, and accrued taxes – 75 million rubles., But on itself can be attributed to this category any company
The next stage of disclosure will be held October 1: FNS will disclose data on revenues and expenditures, paid taxes, charges and insurance premiums, and on 1 December – on the debt, fines and violations.
Find out more information about strategic enterprises, enterprises of the military-industrial complex and the largest taxpayers will be impossible. To the last, carry on the business income of 35 billion rubles, in the regions – 2 billion RUB. on average, such companies must employ more than 50 people, their assets exceed RUB 100 million, and accrued taxes – 75 million rubles., But on may itself be attributed to this category of any company.
In the first version of the service running on several days in July 2017, were disclosed more detailed data from the very beginning. The program reminded search EGRUL through the INN, you can find all the information. Business disappointed with the content of a new publication: the CTG has nothing to do with due diligence, and other data contractors, as a rule, do provide.
Most business is waiting for data on tax debt and tax offenses, said Andreev. But in disclosing this information, companies see major risks, he says: "for Example, the tax debt can not participate in tenders with state participation" (the amount of debt should not exceed 25% of the book value of assets. – "Vedomosti")".
It is unclear as to harm the business or its owners, possessing such information, do not agree Kalinin. Meantime, companies will still have to continue to seek information on contractors the old fashioned way, Nesterenko concludes.Statements
"A more severe punishment than a violation of the antitrust laws, it was possible to imagine tol Ko for treason and for murder. I want everyone to have heard it, too," – said President Vladimir Putin in April at the election of the President of the Russian Union of Industrialists and entrepreneurs (RSPP) Alexander Shokhin of the bill of the Federal Antimonopoly service (FAS). In January 2018, the FAS has proposed a package of amendments which toughen responsibility for business owners and expanding the powers of the competition inspectors.
Unable to find understanding among the President, the business appealed for protection to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on July 19 Shokhin, as well as the presidents of the chamber of Commerce and industry (CCI) Sergey Katyrin and "Business Russia" Alexey Repik sent him a letter in which he warned: the ideas of the FAS will negatively affect the economy, namely, can lead to an increase in unjustified pressure on the business, the violation of legitimate interests of entrepreneurs corruption and abuse.
The bill, the FAS proposes to introduce to company shareholders, top managers and members of the Board of Directors individual liability is more strict than for regular employees: the term of imprisonment for antitrust crimes from four to eight years against a maximum of four years and a fine of 5 times – from 2 million to 4 million rubles against 300 000-500 000 rubles. FAS offers not be limited to a fine and imprisonment. Necessary, in the opinion of the service, and even to confiscate the property, money and valuables obtained through a cartel agreement. Now, such punishment is not provided.
March 28 business meeting with FAS, but the position of the entrepreneurs did not find understanding, the letter said. Healthy competition can be ensured and the full decriminalization of cartel agreements – if maintained administrative responsibility.
Increasing the term of imprisonment is unreasonable and contrary to the foreign practices, specified in the letter. FAS has proposed to exempt from criminal liability those businesses that are first-time offenders, but if the damage incurred or the income received will be paid double. This approach is contrary to the General principles of criminal policy, the letter says, the budget has to be listed as long as he did not get. Business against confiscation of property, criminal liability of owners and against the introduction of a new offence – the agreement with the organization and conduct of trading, it is not always a cartel.
FAS proposes to increase the limitation period for cartel cases up to five or 10 years (now three), according to the business, it will lead to instability for the participants of civil turnover and significantly worsen the investment climate.
The empowerment of employees, the FAS may lead to infringement of the rights and interests of business, warns the letter. For example, antitrust inspectors have access to secret of correspondence, telephone negotiations and other messages, will be able to seize documents during site inspections.
In fact, the FAS appears to the authority law enforcement Agency, fear of the authors of the letter.
FAS has not yet received a letter with a proposal for the decriminalization of cartels, says its representative: the project has been coordinated with all agencies and submitted to the government, the provisions on criminal liability and confiscation of property saved. The formation of a healthy competitive environment can not be exactly achieved by the decriminalization of cartels, said the representative of the FAS. The service does offer to double the thresholds for damage and income, and after discussion of the draft RSPP with the FAS believes it is possible to further raise the amount of income and losses, without which the prosecution of cartels would be impossible.
The sanction of the proposed rule provides as an alternative penalty, forced labor and imprisonment, and penal code is arranged so that a deprivation of liberty applies in the case of such legally prescribed alternatives rarely indicates the representative of the FAS: "In such circumstances, to say that all those involved in criminal cartels will be deprived of liberty, is absolutely wrong."
Business letter draws attention to the right things: the key problem is not the punishment, but that the FAS does not distinguishes cartels, said a senior researcher at the Russian Academy of national economy Vadim Novikov: "Too high a risk that will punish law-abiding entrepreneurs". In cartel cases hardly used the tools of economic analysis, the service employees accountable for a large number of prosecutions, which also hurts their quality, said Novikov.
The law already provides for liability, the problem is the low standard of proof of crime, agree and head of Antimonopoly practice of Art de Lex Iryna Akimova. Now these cases involved investigating authorities, who often lack the qualifications to prove the guilt of the company. Criminal sanctions for cartels unit, she says.
Now the FAS pays close attention to the cartels, but the question is not whether excessive powers of the employees, which gives them the bill remains relevant, the partner of lawyer Bureau "Egorov, Puginsky, Afanasiev and partners" Anna Numerova. But the bill, in her opinion, there are obvious advantages: today, the law enforcement officer may initiate criminal proceedings for the restriction of competition without any decision of the FAS, and on the bill – but only if there is a conclusion FAS.
Business fears are not unfounded, says the head of competition practice, Goltsblat BLP Nikolay Voznesenskiy, confiscation of property – just a redundant measure, the profit from the crime receives, as a rule, the company to get it back due to a penalty or recover the loss. In addition, in the criminal process to recover damages is possible and with the Manager of the company, said Voznesenskiy. If to recover the property under the bill, money to pay off the victims, may not be enough, in addition, there is a risk of double recovery. Seem superfluous the ascension and the strengthening of criminal responsibility for the cartel, useful to improve the proving of such cases than to toughen responsibility for non-working article.
Press Secretary, Natalya Timakova Monday night did not respond to a request.
In the preparation of this article participated Elizabeth and Bazanova, Natalia Ilyin
© Press-service of the RSPP
On August 1, the University of business of URALSIB Bank launches an educational program for businesses in the new format: email course, "Business machine" and a video course "Implementing mentoring in business."
Participation is free of charge.
Email-course "Business machine" — is the 8 free lessons in the form of articles with instructions for action from the experts in business automation company "Interlogika".
During the course you will be able to automate business processes and managerial accounting. You can find out why the owner of the information system and how to make the accounting more accurately, and the processes faster.
Video course "Implementing mentoring in business" video lessons in write with the best practices of mentoring.
Lecturer — Alina Bukharin, the architect of the educational systems and programs to develop practicing teacher and a member of the Committee on development of women entrepreneurship "SUPPORT of RUSSIA".
Register for both programs you the link.
Video lessons on mentoring and e-lessons in automation will come in the mail to all registered listeners once a week starting 1 August.
In Moscow presented the results of the study "start-up Barometer 2018". The survey of nearly 300 IT entrepreneurs showed the main features of Russian startups, especially its development and financing, key issues and barriers to growth. The project was initiated by venture investor Alexey Soloviev, in partnership with FIDI and EY. "Research findings will be of interest not only to business angels and representatives of venture capital funds, but also by entrepreneurs," – said Dmitry Kalaev, Director of the Accelerator FRII. – "The results — an indication, as now formed the enterprise culture and the attitudes of investors to entrepreneurs".
Who is the founder of startups
One of the common stereotypes is the opinion that "startups" is an inexperienced youth, fresh out of universities who are eager to do business but not yet really knows how. In fact, Issledovanie showed that the average founder – from 30 to 32 years old, he already has entrepreneurial experience: 30% of respondents (and this is the highest number of responses possible) already had their own business. Moreover, 63% of the founders already had a negative experience that is associated with the failure of the project.
The average tech startup founder is: is Moscow 30-32 years of higher technological education (47%), the business he founded together with a partner (69%). Entrepreneurship is not new and has already managed to bump into this field, focused primarily on product development (33%).
The main features and peculiarities of startups
A survey of investors conducted the study "Venture capital Barometer 2017" showed that they represent a start-up as follows: opening your own business, entrepreneurs strive to choose a niche, potentially interesting for investors with a goal in the future to raise external funds for further growth. They calculate the business model and plans the release. They soberly assess the level of demand for their product and market potential. In fact the poll IT-entrepreneurs showed that the founders of the businesses in Russia are increasingly repelled from attractive ideas and is focused on its originality than on market potential. 50% of entrepreneurs believe their product is unique. The interests of startups and investors coincide only in two sectors, FinTech and SaaS. Preferred investment segments (artificial intelligence and blockchain) scored 1-2% of the vote.
The portrait of an average Russian technological startups
Business in existence for three years and is at the stage of product development (49%). The core product – financial services b2b or b2b2c marketplace, and he (according to the founders) has no analogues in Russia (23%), and sometimes even in the world (27%), the geography of sales – local market (68%). Income yet 30%, but if there are (23%) – up to 1 million rubles per year, to 10 million – 19%. The team works no more than 10 people, while the most difficult to attract good programmers (42%).
How funded domestic startups
World practice shows that the number of earning startups that attracted venture capital (or angel) money into "innovation hubs" such as Silicon Valley, Boston, Los Angeles or Seattle, close to 100%. A survey of Russian startups showed that 71% of companies based on equity, that is, they are not financed by investors who are not "venture baked". While the development of the business situation does not change much. The main source of funds for 40% remains of the initial funding, 33% developed by revenue. Foreign investors who are not founders are only at 30%. Only a third of all Russian founders do not have a controlling stake in his business.
>>> How to change portrait and habits of entrepreneurs over the past three years
Investment portrait of the Russian startup
The survey showed that start-up, in average, is based without bringing in foreign funds is at the stage of sowing, raised the first and only round. The current investor found on the recommendation of friends, it's non-core investor, who has invested in a startup of no more than $300 000, receiving more than half of the company's shares. Within six months the project is going to raise a new round. 41% of respondents do not have any complaints or suggestions to existing investors, they're happy. The most serious problem hindering the growth of business entrepreneurs called the lack of money (45%)
"For me as an investor the most revealing in this study is the fact that the Russian startups, in most of them evolve by themselves, without attracting external money. The question "why" remains open", – said the initiator of the survey of the venture capital investor is Alexey Soloviev. "Perhaps they are well aware of the problems associated with the economic situation, the lack of potential strategies and deliberately do not want to go to "bondage", and to give their share to the investor – all the same the probability is minimal. No court, no, it is quite reasonable choice. But I think there is another serious reason is the misunderstanding of the difference between a good and attractive investment project, ignorance of the criteria which must be satisfied to attract the attention of the investor. In this category you need to learn and to dare, and we, the investors, they will support", – said Solovyov.
"According to the survey, more than half of respondents believe their product is unique, perhaps this is a signal that entrepreneurs are so enamored with their project that is not ready to take a sober look at the business and competitors," – said Dmitry Kalaev. According to him, the market still lacks an ambitious founders, many settle down to building a business with revenues of $2-5 million a year. The Russian market needs supermotivation entrepreneurs who will build a big business from a start-up.
"According to the survey, more than half of respondents believe their product is unique, perhaps this is a signal that entrepreneurs are so enamored with their project that is not ready to take a sober look at the business and competitors. The market still lacks an ambitious founders, many settle down to building a business with revenues of $2-5 million a year. The Russian market needs supermotivation entrepreneurs who will build a big business from a startup," said Kalina the presentation of the survey results.
"The lack of a clear benchmark of Russian entrepreneurs on venture capital financing limits their growth"
Partner, head of group on rendering of services to companies in Telecom, media and technology in the CIS, EY
"In the study of Russian entrepreneurs are noted as barriers for the growth of all the three main reasons why startups in the world fail: there is no market for the product, incorrectly matched team and lack of funds, which is especially important for reaching the revenue and scaling to other markets," said Anton Ustimenko, partner, head of group on rendering of services to companies in Telecom, media and technology in the CIS, EY. According to him, the lack of a clear benchmark of Russian entrepreneurs on venture capital financing limits their growth. "Analysis of the Russian venture ecosystem on the one hand, indicates that she is experiencing difficulties in order to provide financial resources to startups, despite a revival of transactions in the last couple of years. On the other hand, increasing investments in the seed segment, which is a good sign. Russian corporations are also actively seeking opportunities for deals, and, although transactions are smaller, they generate more options for outputs, i.e. to provide fresh money. It is hoped that plans to build the digital economy in Russia will give another impetus to the development of the industry by attracting new players, financial resources and growth outputs. And the outputs will increase the cohort of serial entrepreneurs and venture capital smart money. And due to the oncoming traffic the existing gap between the expectations of investors and the averaged image of the entrepreneur will decrease", – said Volodya.
A full report on the results of the study can be found here: http://vc-barometer.ru
Nikolay Vlasenko, the second guest of Kaliningrad TPP "Night with sharks". He was at the forefront of development of the Kaliningrad retail, creating a group of companies "Victoria", first brought the Kaliningrad trading network in Russia, gained experience in public administration, working as the Minister of industry of Kaliningrad region, represented the region in the Federation Council. He abruptly changed his life and was never afraid to Express his opinion on matters of importance.
Introducing the guest, the President of the Union the "Kaliningrad chamber of Commerce" Felix Lapin, remembered: "Nikolay Vlasenko unique experience – at the peak of his business career, he takes a radical decision to go to the authorities. I was so amazed and surprised how he fit into the team of the government of the region and led a very difficult area – was the Minister of industry and trade, engaged in the promotion of the image of our region. It was very interesting to work with him. Believe me, experienced government officials was very difficult to follow the train of thought of Nicholas V., so it was very interesting."
Quotes from the guest
"Start your own business prompted the most banal thing – a need. Buddy offered to trade tires. And for the first Saturday trade I have earned on a color TV. You know, it's a wonderful feeling the first money and when you buy a TV, a sofa. Unfortunately, this feeling disappears and you get the money as a tool for locksmith. They let you zoom zoom in, to invest in projects, but the feeling of joy when you buy something, erased".
"Never work with borrowed capital, if there is no experience of entrepreneurship. My first capital. My partner Katzman (now known restaurateur) came from Grozny with one stove microwave. That's how the business has evolved, it's all assets. It is clear that the loan is always a terrible thing. Boxing coach Tyson said, "Fear is like fire. If you control it, it warms you if you are not in control – he burns you up". And credit. If you know how to control it, he gives you a big multiplier effect, if you can't, he's going to destroy you. I would recommend beginners to be especially careful."
"It is always hard to start at any time. What is good about the market he just. When less competition, less business environment. The easier entry into the business, the more competitors. Niches are always busy. So that you came, and it was free, it's not."
"When was the first business, you have no idea how I was ashamed to engage in trade. We rented a tent, which was at the naval school and when came the cadets that I taught, I had to hide under the counter."
"It is difficult to synthesize what it takes to become an entrepreneur. Anyone can be an entrepreneur and not to be. It is necessary to try".
"When I went into business, the only thing listened to - two-month course brokers. The only thing that remembered – payment request and payment obligation. And that Luggage ten years was enough. More to learn, but then there was no need. Sometimes knowledge helps, but sometimes harmful".
"In business it is very important to come and go. There is time to create a company, it is time to sell it, otherwise it can become a weight that will drown you. Exit point – is the subject of creativity, calculation and intuition. It's on the verge, maybe, art and knowledge, not just knowledge."
"Entrepreneurs need to follow my star, to the internal drive. Something did not work – went to another sphere."
"The entrepreneur is not part of the mass of the people by its nature. He is not above or below, he has a different path. He is always innovative. Any business – innovative, otherwise you will lose the competition."
"There is nothing that can be achieved at any cost."
"Serious people never predict neither the ruble nor the oil. Economics is not a science, it depends on people's behavior, and the behavior is very difficult to predict".
"The unique advantage of the entrepreneur – nobody hires".
"We need to do what brings joy."
"The worst thing for a man when the desire of desires when desires are not. It is not necessary to suppress in itself desire, their need to implement, within the law, of course."
"No need to be a perfectionist, to think that you "lick" the product and then it is released to the market. Empirical experience is much more important than any theoretical. If you come some idea, you should try to run it, and the roughness is then removed. It may happen that while you Polish the roughness, the product is someone would come out and take your place."
View the program page of the Union the "Kaliningrad chamber of Commerce" in facebook.com.