The country's first plant for deep processing of pea wants to Excel in the market of soybean meal. Alternative feed protein needs, but plant capacity across the country is very small, and the cost of pea protein may play a more familiar component
The company "Euro technologies" launched in Togliatti, Samara region Russia's first plant for deep processing of pea with the capacity of 40 thousand tons of raw materials per year. In 2018, it intends to process half of that amount. Products — pea protein, flour and starch to be sold in the black earth region, the Urals and in Moscow, and in the future — export to China. The manufacturer claims that its products can replace soybean meal and fish meal in the feed. Despite the fact that the domestic feed industry is highly dependent on imports of these components, the experts ambiguously estimate prospects of the project.
Not croup, but not isolate
According to Rosstat, last year the production of peas in Russia has increased almost 1.5 times up to 3.3 million tonnes, About 1.4 million tons of this amount in season 2017/18 were exported. This year's crop planted 1.47 million hectares, which is 9.2% more than in 2017. According to the head of the grain direction of the Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) Oleg Sukhanov, in our country produce enough legumes, and until recently, their value has formed the basis of export prices. However, if they appear processing plants, producers will be able to focus on the domestic market, he said.
Now peas in Russia only flakes at best and used to make flour or cereals, says the Director of "Euro technologies" Alexey Gusev. "This separation by molecular weight and technical properties of the product [in our factory] in Russia today does not exist," — he said (quoted by TASS). In France, Canada and Belgium deep processing of pea develops about seven or eight years. The plant for deep processing of agriculture primarily designed to reduce the dependence of livestock producers from imports vysokochistykh components, said Gusev.
According to the company, used the technology of processing allows to obtain a product with high content of crude protein (53%), purified from ballast substances. Lysine it reaches 4.2%. In the production process, the peas are first crushed to microrasbora, after which the air flow separates the heavier particles of starch and light protein, said Gusev in the broadcast channel "Russia 24 — Samara".
However, the head of Flottweg Moscow (the company produces and sells equipment for the petrochemical, mining, metallurgical and food industries, including offers solutions for deep processing of peas) Alexey Khrulev says that in Russia nobody makes the exact pea protein isolate, that is, the protein, as purified from impurities. In the case of "Euro technologies" we are talking about pneumological is a dry separation process peas into fractions, resulting in cosmocentric. The yield of protein with this method does not exceed 65%. For the production of protein isolate uses the same principles as for soy or lupine: the flour is dissolved, then separating the insoluble substance precipitated protein in an acidic medium to about the isoelectric point and again passed through the centrifuge. Thus the yield of protein is increased to 90-95%. This is a very complex process that involves many factors, so investors are afraid to go into these projects, said Khrulev.
"Euro technology" does not specify the volume of investments in the company. According to the calculations Velvet engineering investment, the establishment of a processing plant with a wet process for the allocation of isolates to 50 thousand tonnes of peas per year will require investments of $56 million, if we implement the project "open field". Including about $19 million to be invested in the equipment. The payback period is estimated at four to five years.
The problem of promotion
When promoting pea protein on the market, the manufacturer must bear in mind that consumers are always wary of new products. "Of course, if it will start to use market leaders and they will say that achieve high results thanks to this ingredient, the other players will try it — suggests Sergei Shcherbinin from "Finland groups." Without such advertising will be difficult to break".
Prospects of export of its products to "Euro technology" associated with the food production and supply in China starch. "This country is a consumer of pea starch. There are plenty of Chinese national dishes, such as cellophane, where it is used", — says Alexey Gusev.
Peas replace soybean?
Now the world is not enough fodder protein, which is associated with the development of aquaculture and broiler — two directions in animal production with the highest proportion of use of protein in the diet, says practice partner APK "neo the Center" Vladimir Shaforostov. The demand for ingredients containing protein, identifies the manufacturer of the feed based on the evaluation of price and quality of the diet.
Peas — a traditional Russian crop, so its deep processing is an important and necessary step, said the General Director of the Association of feed producers EEU Vladimir Manaenkov. However, pea protein is used in livestock sector, will primarily depend on the quality and price, experts agree. Nutritionists balance diets depending on the availability and cost of components. "I would not hurry to make predictions that the new product will replace soybean meal — after all, they have different amino acid composition. Besides, from the point of view of manufacturability at the moment, soybean meal is the best protein product for animal feed, he said. — Of course, you can balance any ingredients, use extra amino acids, but the question is, how many people would ultimately cost the finished feed: the ratio quality/price is decisive".
Among plant proteins, soy in animal nutrition out of competition: amino acid composition, it is the best of animals, so her protein is most valuable, echoes technical consultant "Finland groups" Sergey Scherbinin. However, the production of pea protein seems more complicated than soybean meal, so the cost of its production will be higher and it may be more expensive. Even if the amino acid profile of pea protein on indicators will be comparable to soybean meal, but the price is higher, then it is unlikely to be able to compete with him. Perhaps he would be a good addition for any special recipes, for example for young animals and poultry, the expert adds. "The first question of the farms in the selection of components of feed. The more expensive new product, so it is harder to promote on the market — draws the attention of Shcherbinin. — Although, of course, if you change the policy, will be limited for the supply of imported soybeans, it will have to use what is there in the country." However, while pea protein is still not able to be an alternative to soybean in the country: one is running the enterprise with a capacity of 40 thousand tons of raw materials per year is a very small amount, which would result in only a small segment of the market, adds Shcherbinin.
Assessment of IKAR, in a season-2017/18 consumption of soybean meal in Russia exceeded 2.6 million tons in the production volume of almost 2.9 million tons to 380 thousand tons were exported, while imports amounted to 154 thousand tons If we talk only about the meal, we produced it more than we consume, compares the leading expert of IKAR , Daniel Khotko. "However, if you look at the total consumption of products of the soy complex (meal, cake, full fat soybean) in terms of the beans, which is almost 4.4 million t something we missed about 750 thousand tons of soybeans," he evaluates.
Pea protein from 40 thousand tons of raw material clearly does not compensate for such a deficit. In addition, there is detailed data on the amino acid profile of the new product, therefore, to assess its advantages and disadvantages compared to soybean meal it is impossible, said Shcherbinin.
Pea is used to feed farm animals, but in limited quantities, he continues. There are other attempts to replace soybean meal, for example, have long talks about deep processing of Lupin. However, it has difficulty because of the content in this agriculture antipitting substances. All legume crop rich in protein, suitable for processing and use in animal husbandry, but there are nuances that confirms Manaenkov. For example, even a small amount of antinutrients in Lupin affects the taste of the food, what's not to like animals. "Of course, there are different varieties of lupine with low content of anti-nutritional substances, and various ways of processing. But in General it requires a high culture of production and the level of applied technologies, and this is a serious investment," — emphasizes the expert.
Raw materials should be enough
For the production of "Euro technology" plan to use Russian raw materials, mainly from the Samara and Ulyanovsk regions. "Samara, Saratov and Ulyanovsk region are well suited for production and processing of agricultural products, legumes like peas and chickpeas, lentils, etc., — said Oleg Sukhanov from ICARUS. — These regions are arid, so the rotations they need drought-resistant crops. Furthermore, the introduction of legumes in the crop rotation has a beneficial effect on the future grain harvest". This year the region took the peas in the amount of 85.4 thousand hectares — almost a quarter of all crops of agriculture in the Volga region. Last year, these three regions grew peas 66.3 thousand ha, from the data of Rosstat.
Projects were for the production of meal or cake from the ginger but the product is also not widespread. Also Scherbinin remembers that a few years ago, when he worked on the farm, he was offered a sample of protein concentrate of legume crop species as alternative to fishmeal. He was with a strong smell that would like animals. However, at high content of crude protein — about 60% — the product appeared to be severely unbalanced amino acid profile. Scherbinin calculated that if this concentrate is to Refine to the required level of amino acids, it will eventually be more expensive than fish meal. "Animals are better to eat low protein, but more balanced than high, but unbalanced," he said. Unlike other agricultural products, soybeans safe, along with sunflower meal, which is widely used in the feeding, it is familiar and understandable product, the expert emphasizes.
Pea protein may be superior to soybean meal in protein content as a whole, and individual amino acids — it all depends on its purity for the selected separation technologies, commented Shaforostov. "Pea protein is widely used in Norway in the diets of aquaculture, he knows. — The weakest link of such projects is a starch because it can be difficult to sell." The fact that for the production of feed protein is not necessary in the high-tech processing of raw materials, in contrast to the production based on the production of food ingredients — the same isolate, says the expert. Capex will be lower, the product is cheaper, it will be included in the diet. The reverse side impurities in products, and native starch with impurities is of limited use. However, given the experience of the project initiator in the production and sales of feed, the company will be able to find a use for their products in Russia, I am sure Shaforostov.
The company "Euro technologies"
works in the Volga Federal district since 2005, is engaged in the production of feed for livestock. As stated on its website, it produces feed additives (in particular, the so-called spices to feed) for industrial pig, poultry and cattle. According kartoteka.ru 100% of the company belongs to its Director Alexey Gusev. The revenue of OOO "Euro technologies" in 2017 amounted to 331,9 million rubles., net profit of 10.8 million rubles.
Following the growth of farming in Russia is actively growing as the volume of production and quality of animal feed. But the production of components for it lagging behind, laments Manaenkov. "To grow that amount of soy, to meet the needs of the feed industry, we haven't. Almost the entire production volume in the far East goes to China, and the quality of our soybean is lower due to climatic conditions. Therefore, we are forced to buy it abroad," he says. If suddenly will be repeated attempts to close the import, it will bring down the market feed, and could eventually lead to the fall of indicators in the livestock sector. From this point of view, the search for alternative sources of protein for animal feed is an important decision, he said.
If we talk about non-plant protein components, with them, the situation is also ambiguous, the expert continues. The production of meat and bone meal being actively developed and will increase the growth of the volume of slaughter waste in animal husbandry, but with fish flour have problems. "Fish is a very good component of the feed, but, first, the market is not enough, and secondly, it's expensive, thirdly, its quality is unstable and there are a lot of fake — lists Manaenkov. These factors minimize its use, so kombikormiv also looking for other components".
In his opinion, the replacement of fishmeal can become microbial protein from natural gas. Modern biotechnology allows to produce a product close to it in composition, but stable quality. Such a project in the Leningrad region launched the company Protelux. She acquired the Danish Unibio exclusive license to use Russian technology for processing natural gas using bacteria. In the company invested about 2.5 billion rubles, the Capacity of the plant is 6 thousand tons of bioprotein a year, it can be increased up to 20 thousand tons In the next 10 years Protelux intends to increase the number of companies to ten and reach annual turnover of $1.5 billion Power plant should amount to 100 thousand tons of products per year.
However, whether the protein is from gas to replace other types of protein also will depend on the prices. "All components of protein — and pea protein, and protein foods from Lupin, and microbial protein from natural gas — interesting. We can balance if they don't suit us on a particular indicator, but for consumers the decisive factor when choosing will be the ratio quality/price", — emphasizes Manaenkov. Therefore, the success of pea protein on the market and its competitiveness, as well as other types of protein feed will depend on competent actions of the manufacturer.
If the experiments with the processing of legumes seem clear and logical, the project of production of protein from gas Sergey Scherbinin considers strange. "In our country are still not gasified a village, but we are not looking for easy ways and make up to make a protein out of gas, as if more out of nothing, he wonders. — In principle, experimentally proved that all food can be produced from oil, its structure allows to synthesize proteins, but the cost of such meat is 10 times higher than the traditional. Who will buy? Similarly, a protein out of gas".
According to Shcherbinina, the need to increase soybean crops, although unlikely, that we will be able to fully meet the requirements at the expense of own production. Therefore, we need to continue to experiment with other vegetable proteins. Instead of experiments with gas would be more appropriately and effectively invest in technologies of processing of agricultural products — the same lupine, camelina or canola, which can also be used in feeding only in a limited number, to remove them from the anti-nutritive substances and get the available protein. For example, in the Novosibirsk region built a plant for processing rapeseed cake — it will mix 50/50 with full-fat soya knows Shcherbinin. "People are looking for something to replace soy to reduce the cost of feed. In particular, now there is trend of increasing in the diets of ordinary shares of split peas 11%," he says. In this respect, the deep processing of pea looks better than protein from gas, he said.
The issue price
"Euro technology" does not specify the price of their feed protein. However, judging from the ratio of the value of different types of protein isolate for sports and functional foods, pea protein is the most expensive of them. So, in one of the specialized online stores 1 kg of product made in China is 757 RUB (85% protein), while soy protein isolate (90%) will cost 553 RUB/kg. the Price of Russian concentrate of sunflower (82%) — 747 RUB/kg.
Cabbage, carrots, millet, gasoline and sugar were the most quickly growing products this year. The consumer price index since the beginning of the year grew by only 2.7%. While these products rose in price significantly — and in some case ten times — faster than the official inflation rate. According to experts, this is not the limit.
About it the General Director IKAR Dmitry Rylko said at a conference in the framework of the exhibition "Agroprodmash".
- This year we expect a record for Russian exports, but imports will also increase. You need to understand that in the global market major exporters are also major importers, - said Rylko.
The expert stressed that in 2017, more food exports amounted to more than $20 billion is Expected to increase exports in 2018, but import grows (likely to be $30.5 billion).
The imbalance is that Russia exported 65 million tons, and imported 21 million tonnes – this suggests that the country exports cheaper raw materials and imports products with high added value, - said the head of IKAR. According to Rylko, "domestic exporters do not need to complex, that Russia supplies to the world market of wheat and cereals in large volumes. The export of products of processing of flour on foreign markets, we can not yet".
Plant for the production of MTBE of the plant "Omsk rubber" (included in GC "Titan") received 3.5 million tons of high-octane additive to motor fuel. Omsk quality product was shipped to the Russian consumer.
Recall that the Group of companies "Titan" started to produce methyl tert-butyl ether was one of the first in Russia. The addition of MTBE increases the octane rating of fuels and improve its environmental performance, significantly reducing the content in automotive exhaust products of incomplete combustion, including carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons of different composition.
The release of the air began in August 1995, on the organized for this purpose, the company "ekooyl", which in the structure of the plant "Omsk rubber" in 2011 was formed the production of high-octane additives and liquefied hydrocarbon gases (LPG and WATER). Currently, manufacturing employs about 400 people. Twenty-three years, these experts have perfected the technology for the production of MTBE, improving its quality and reducing the impact on the environment.
GC "Titan" has the largest unit capacity in the country among the manufacturers of this air; its share in the domestic market of MTBE greater than 25%. Quality fuel additives, produced by GC "Titan" corresponds to Russian and international standards. The product is five times winner of the Federal contest "100 best goods of Russia". Omsk MTBE was in accordance with the EU Regulation on chemicals REACH. It comes in various regions of Russia from the Leningrad oblast to the Khabarovsk territory, will be exported to the EU and the Customs Union.
Tyumen agricultural producers to once again confirm the high quality of its products. This time the focus of 9% curds "Pershino" from the factory", Humanimal". In September 2018, according to Roccasecca (together with the Rosselkhoznadzor and Rospotrebnadzor) for the Tyumen cheese was in the top 10 best brands of this product on the Russian market. Tests were conducted on behalf of the government. Only study experts took a cheese 73 brands and tested for 25 parameters. In particular, we have studied the milk and the starter, investigated possible tampering of the product, the presence of mold, yeast and hazardous micro-organisms. As it turned out, only 27 of the studied brands meet all mandatory requirements. But the items that are included in the top ten, according to experts, applying for the State quality mark, as it does not just match, but surpass the quality of the current Standards.
"Pershino" appeared on the market of Tyumen region in 2014. The enterprise was the first in the Tyumen region began to use for the production of cottage cheese coagulators closed. This means that the process of fermentation and the initial separation of whey is going on here in closed boilers during the automatic maintenance of the temperature conditions. Process automation and the transition from open tubs and hand-packing modern technology has not only improved the quality of the product, but also to achieve a 14-day storage without any stabilizers, dyes, extenders. Today the products are delivered in all cities of the Urals. And in the near future will also appear in Siberia and Central Russia.
Source: Department of agroindustrial complex of the Tyumen region
In 2017, Russia imported foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials by 23.3 billion rubles In most meaningful categories — such as meat, dairy products, vegetables, after the embargo the import decreased significantly. However, for certain products even the small volume of imports may have a negative impact on the market
In the past five years imports to Russia of food and agricultural products in value terms declined from 43 billion rubles in 2013 to 23.3 billion rubles in 2017 (import numbers here and further — data, FCS). Primarily, this was facilitated by the special economic measures taken in response to anti-Russian sanctions. The food embargo introduced in 2014 and continuing until now, restricted goods from the EU, USA and other countries. For some items, the volume of import from these regions was considerable, and the shift in supplies from other countries are unable to fully compensate the winning share of imports. Not less important role in reduction of foreign food on the Russian market was played by the strategy of the state aimed at increasing its own production, which resulted in the active support of agriculture. But, despite the decrease of import volumes in selected product categories remain visible.
It is impossible to replace
In some segments the market share of foreign products will always be significant. First and foremost, this concerns the positions that Russia, for whatever reasons, does not produce or make in small amounts due to natural climatic factors. This, for example, citrus fruits and bananas. The top 25 products imported to our country in the highest value of total, which amounted to "Agroinvestor", these fruits occupy first and second place respectively. In 2017, citrus was imported more than 1.55 million tons at $1.17 billion Major suppliers of fruits to Russia — Turkey (34.3% in last year), Morocco (17.1 per cent), South Africa (12%) and Egypt (11.6 percent). 46.5% of the total import volume of citrus is oranges, 34.6% of the lemons and limes.
The category of "fruits and nuts" and is generally the most important in the formation of the total volume of food imports, despite the decline in deliveries in 2013 to more than $1.8 billion last year abroad in this segment was purchased goods total $4.6 billion, or more than 5.5 million tons In the future to replace the real part of this product. So, halved the import of apples, pears and quince ($593 million), apricots, cherries and other stone fruit — by 1.6 times (up to $388 million), nuts — 1.8 times (up to $170 million). However, to replace a foreign exotic fruits in obvious reasons will not work. And we have even grown grapes and pears grown in the country needs the volumes in the near future is impossible.
The reduction of import of table grapes really, but it will happen very soon, says the President of the Union of winegrowers and winemakers of Russia Leonid Popovich. According to the organization, now in Russia it is grown to 60-80 thousand tonnes per year while consumption of less than 300 thousand tons. "Theoretically, we can increase the share of own production in this volume to 50-60%, he said. — To enlarge the collection, we need large capital investments, including the construction of refrigerators, but until the money is in this industry do not go, despite the allocation of government support." In addition, Russian producers still difficult to compete with suppliers from Turkey and other southern countries, where the harvest appears earlier, than in Russia.
"Russia can saturate the market with apples, to increase production of peach, now we can provide ourselves with plum, plums, produce many cherries, lists the President of the Association of gardeners of Russia Igor Muhanin. — Although imports from more southern countries, in particular Azerbaijan, Iran, after all, will always be present. Harvest the cherries there also start in April, we have the same not earlier than in mid-may, but consumer demand has not been canceled". It is difficult in the near future is impossible to replace the import of apricot and pear. First although grows in the South of the country, but the flowering is often freezes from 10 years to collect the harvest turns out one or two times, as the apricot blossoms in early April, and in the same Krasnodar region of returnable frosts often occur until the beginning of may. There is a problem with pear. This fruit crop requires strain renovation. "Existing varieties are highly susceptible to diseases and import of seedlings that will not solve the problem: foreign varieties are not winter hardy and we very rarely survive, — says the expert. — It is necessary to conduct large-scale breeding work, and it will take many years and appropriate funding".
For the same reasons it will be difficult to increase the production of nuts. In areas such as pistachios, cashews, Brazil nuts and others, the import share is 100% for hazelnuts and walnuts reaches 90-95%, knows the founder of the company "Orekhprom" (Krasnodar Krai, one of Russia's largest processors of nuts and dried fruits) Aslan Khashir. "And only the production of the latter, we could theoretically increase, as we allow our climatic conditions, other nuts, we just don't grow," he says. However, while orechovista in the country, a separate line is not supported, so investment in the sector is carried out by only a point. Is actively imported into Russia coffee and tea. First, we do not grow. And imported last year only coffee 184 thousand t by $621 million (11th position in the ranking), plus a coffee extracts and concentrates more of 50.7 thousand tons of $398 million (21st place). Moreover, the import of these products over the past five years in real terms has increased — from 188 thousand tons in 2013 to 234,7 thousand tons in 2017. Coffee Russia buys in Vietnam (21.5% of the total import in 2017), Brazil (16,4%), Italy (13.7 per cent) and Indonesia (13.5 per cent).
Tea in the country in 2017, has only produced a thousand tonnes of 0.54 And is less than 1% of what the country buys abroad. Given the fact that tea can be grown, in fact, only in certain districts of the Krasnodar territory and Adygea, at times to increase its volume, too, will fail. Supplies of imported tea in Russia remain stable for several years: more than 170 thousand t last year (and this is a 14-position) and the same five years earlier, although in value terms imports during this period declined from $657 million to $540 million Tea put our country Sri Lanka (32.8 per cent), India (23.4 per cent), Kenya (13.8 per cent) and China (7.6 per cent).
The import decreased significantly
However, the focus of the state on import substitution, especially after the embargo on imported food from several countries, is bearing fruit. The development of meat industry in Russia has begun even earlier, with the onset of the project, and then the state programs on development of agriculture. Thanks to active state support of pig and poultry have saturated the market with domestic products to the maximum, so gradually the need to import has disappeared, and its volume was reduced to a minimum. So, from 2013 to 2017, the share of pork imports in value terms decreased 2.4%, pork — by almost 2.5 times. In real terms a decrease of approximately comparable in two and 2.4 times. However, if in tonnes, these amounts do seem insignificant — 296 thousand tons of pork and 218 thousand tons of poultry meat imported last year, accounting for only 8.3% and 4.4% of Russian production, the money numbers still look quite impressive — $862 million (7th position) and $343 million (23-I), respectively. The main supplier of pork to Russia right now is Brazil. Out in 2017, supplied almost 90% of the total imports of this meat. More than half imported into our country of poultry meat comes from Belarus, about 40% — also from Brazil.
By 2018 the total volume of import of meat will be well below 1 million tonnes, which was in the last two or three years, said Director General of the National swine Union Yuri Kovalev. However, according to him, pork imports in consumption at the level of 5-10% will always be present in the country with an open economy integrated in global markets.
The Russian market of meat enters the stage of maturity, which is characterized by a high share of domestic production in the resources of meat, periodic crises of overproduction and a gradual decrease in real (inflation-adjusted) prices, says the head of strategic marketing of the Directorate of commercial and marketing strategy of the group "Cherkizovo" Andrew Dalnov. "At this stage, also, there is an urgent need to export, which serves as a damper and helps to smooth out fluctuations in the domestic price of non-branded products, he said. — The role of imports is sharply reduced. I suppose that at year-end no significant share of import (about 15%) will only have the beef." In poultry and pork it is likely to be 3-5%.
Beef production in the country in the last five years has remained at a stable level of about 1.6 million tons in slaughter weight. The importation of this meat frozen in Russia in the last five years decreased 2.6% to $930 million (5-e a place), fresh or chilled 1.3% to $311 million (25th). The reason for the reduction is that domestic consumers have partially replaced the more affordable beef, pork and poultry. The main suppliers of frozen meat — Brazil (52%) and Paraguay (26,6%), fresh — Belarus (95%).
Anti-sanctions had a positive impact on reducing the import category of dairy products. 2.6 times fell the import of cheese and cottage cheese. In 2017, abroad of Russia has purchased $840 million (8th position). The imports of butter decreased by 1.45% to $484 million (15th). Active, though, and 1.7 times less than five years ago, our country also imports of condensed milk and cream. Last year they delivered from overseas for $479 million (16th place). Russia is still considerably dependent on imports of dairy products, confirms the head of the projects practice APK "neo the Center" Maxim Nikitochkina. Although the amount of foreign products on the market has decreased over the last few years at 28%, it still occupies a high proportion — about 38%.
The main supplier of dairy products to the Russian market last years is Belarus. The share of import from this country last year came in monetary terms up to 72-83% depending on product category. This high level of dependence of the Russian dairy market from the supply of Belarusian products is unhealthy for both sides, believes the Chairman of the Board of the National Union of milk producers (Soyuzmoloko) Andrey Danilenko. So now Belarus has set the task to diversify the import of, he knows. And Russia and so in recent years has increased the volume of its own production, although this trend is constrained by falling demand and rising cost of raw materials. However, imports have a big influence even in conditions of closed borders, drew attention to the expert. "The main problem is that the cost of milk in Russia is significantly higher than Belarusian and European, so buy for the processing of imported raw materials is more profitable," he concludes.
The dairy market is much more imports harms the presence of falsification, the Director of the Kemerovo dairy plant Village (has its own dairy herd) Alexander Sukhinin. In the Urals foreign products on the shelves of almost there, but a lot of the counterfeit products, he said. CEO of the Moscow company "Brothers Cheburashka" Vladislav Cheburashkin also says that the market presence of foreign dairy products his business does not suffer. "We work in the premium segment, produced by perishable products, and here we have competitors among foreign companies there," he explains.
This year imports of dairy products (in recalculation on milk) continues to decline, says Danilenko. First and foremost is the reduction in supply from the countries — main suppliers of "milk": Belarus, New Zealand, Turkey, Argentina. The most noticeable decline in deliveries of commodities — butter, dried milk, whey. Although the import of drinking milk and major dairy products (yogurt, kefir and sour cream), on the contrary, grows. But overall in the category "dairy products" there is a drop in supply due to the reduction of imports of products referred to in the foreign trade statistics as "other". According to the forecast of "Soyuzmoloko", in the short term imports of commodities (CATFISH, stsm, butter) will continue to shrink in terms of conservation reserves at a higher level and increased internal production, and other products, restrained to grow. As a result, in the coming months, imports will remain below the level of last year, expects the expert.
The embargo was a decrease in deliveries from abroad and frozen fish. If in 2013, its imports exceeded $1 billion, in 2017 it dropped to $765 million (the 9th row). Main imported item is the salmon (30% of total import), while the main suppliers of frozen fish last year were Chile (39%), Faroe Islands (14%), Iceland (10%) and Norway (7%).
Significantly decreased imports of sugar (including sugar confectionery and molasses) — from $653 million five years ago to $400 million last year (20th place). The actual volume is 511 thousand tons In the season 2016/17 imports of white sugar from Belarus only amounted to almost 240 thousand tons For 10 months of the 2017/18 crop year from neighboring States delivered to 161 thousand tons, says the leading expert of Institute of a conjuncture of the agrarian market (IKAR) Evgenie Ivanov. "Of course, these volumes are not the most positive impact on the Russian market, — he commented. — Belarusian companies before we conducted a major modernization, the production is supported in all possible ways by the state, so the cost is considerably less sugar". About 9 thousand tons of sugar last season was imported from Lithuania, 2.2 thousand tonnes from Poland (Kaliningrad). But, at least, in 2016 Russia ceased to import ship raw, Ivanov said. According to experts, a certain volume of sugar imports has a positive impact on the industry. Imported products is often higher quality than domestic, which stimulates Russian producers to increase production.
"The Russian sugar market surplus, and anyone with a small amount of another sugar negatively affects the industry" — said Deputy General Director of holding "prodimeks" (the largest sugar producer in the country) Vadim Origanski. However, if we talk about Sahara from the upper price segment — bulk, bleached cane, beautifully packaged, with special characteristics and other, which in our country does not produce — he may be on a shelf in which to expand, he adds. But the import of white sugar placed on the market within the Customs Union, in terms of its own record of production and high carryover industry does not need, he was adamant.
Vegetables and fruits
A good trend of reduction of deliveries from abroad have shown the category of "tomatoes". In five years, imports have halved in value terms to us $545 million (13th place), in physical 1.7% to 503 thousand tons last year, the import of this vegetable was implemented from Azerbaijan (27,5%), China (nearly 25%), Morocco (23,5%) and Belarus (10%).
This year the import of tomatoes growing, said chief analyst of the National Union of producers of fruits and vegetables Cyril Lachine. According to the FCS, in January-may, the import has increased by 20% to 328 thousand tonnes have been on the increase supplies, and other basic vegetables: potatoes — almost 45% to 433 thousand t, cucumbers — approximately 10% to 56 thousand tons "In such circumstances, domestic producers, it is difficult to increase production, implement new projects and return on existing investments," he comments. Investing in greenhouse production or the construction of a potato storage investors calculate in advance at what price they can sell the product, but the import is growing, and it can bring down the market, to derail the cost of the goods, and then will be adjusted the amount of profit and the payback period.
In this year of tomatoes on the market oversupply, confirms the Deputy Director of the Kursk greenhouse complex "diet agro" Konstantin Ilyin. Russian producers increased production volumes, plus increased imports. Changed and the demand from retail chains: now the emphasis of the program is to discounters, and they are interested in the product in General, and the lower the price the better. All of this has led to a drop in value by about 30% in early August, the tomato in the wholesale cost of 20 RUB/kg, which is almost two times lower cost, then told the businessman. "Plays the role of seasonality in August, part of the consumer harvests on private gardens, he explains. — Yes, in the first half of September, prices will begin to stabilize, but a certain loss of farmers will receive." However, if the volume of imports will continue to grow, the government will have to think more about support construction of the new greenhouses, and on assistance in operational, said Ilyin. According to Lashina in the greenhouse industry, the share of imports should not exceed 20-30% depending on product category. Then we can avoid price distortions in one direction or another.
1.9 times in 2013 decreased imports to Russia of fresh apples. In 2017 purchased abroad 709 thousand t by $406 million (19th of the rankings). The main suppliers of this fruit in our country in the past year were Serbia (32%), Moldova (22%) and China (16%). Russia now occupies first place in the world import of apples, which accounts for 47% of the capacity of the market, knows Nikitochkina. Muhanin confident that in the future 100% consumed in Russia Apple should be domestic production. "Our natural-climatic conditions allow to fully provide the country with fruit, he says. — Besides domestic production in many respects better than in the countries-importers: we have clean soil, black soil, lots of water. It is impossible not to use such capabilities."
Subsidies gardening in the last few years have contributed to strong growth in domestic production. Five years ago, the country was grown only 500 thousand tons of apples, but the half of this amount was technical the Apple, which was only in processing. This year, according to the Association, the yield can reach 900 thousand tons the share of high-quality Apple has increased from 50% to 75%, the expert notes. "Every year we increase the collection of 100-150 thousand tons, he said. — Then the industry will not move less rapidly: now the state will be spread on the garden nurseries that will allow in the future to reduce dependence on imported seedlings and to increase the production of apples. To this end, we annually lay from 10.5 thousand to 14 thousand hectares of intensive orchards a year." At this rate, by 2024 Russia will be able to grow about 1.2-1.3 million tons of this fruit, so that the volume of foreign supplies will be reduced at least twice. The same program, according to the expert, there are the berries — raspberries and strawberries.
In certain categories, imports grow
However, there are categories of food, which in the last five years Russia has started to import in large volumes. First of all, it's not produced in our country the fruit. So, on the second place in value terms in 2017 are bananas. If in 2013 they were imported at $996 million, last year more than $1.1 billion In real terms over this period, shipments grew by 200 thousand tons to 1.5 million tons 96% of banana exports to Russia Ecuador.
In natural expression has increased supplies of palm oil. In 2013 its imports amounted to 747 thousand tons, and in 2017 — has 872 thousand tons. However, now this product costs our country cheaper. Five years ago, a smaller amount cost more — $694 million last year to $687 million (10th place). Almost 79% of palm oil in Russia comes from Indonesia.
Two times increased the import volume of soybeans from 1.1 million tonnes five years ago to 2.2 million tons last year. The money import in 2017 amounted to $968 million, and this is the third position in the top 25. Half of Russia's soybean supplies Brazil, another 40% in Paraguay. Almost the entire import volume buys Russia's largest recycler of this agriculture of the Kaliningrad group "Commonwealth", says a leading expert of IKAR , Daniel Khotko. Growth of imports in 2013 contributed to the increase in the capacity of the company. Now its needs for soybeans are about 2.4 million tons of soybeans annually. In the past year, the group imported 2.1 million tonnes in 2018, most likely, volumes will continue to rise. In the future, with the development of its own production, the import of this crop can be reduced. While the market capacity of about 6 million tonnes over 2 million tonnes purchased in foreign markets. This leads to high dependence of domestic prices from world markets and currency exchange rates.
Increases the past two years and the import of natural grape wines (including sparkling). Compared to 2013 the volume has also changed slightly: decreased by 59 thousand tonnes to 637 thousand tons In 2017 wine imports in value terms amounted to $990 million (the 4th line of the rating). Among the main suppliers of this product to Russia, Italy (29%), France (18%), Spain (16.5 per cent) and Georgia (10%).
Growth of imports of wine contributes to the stabilization of the ruble, and change the policies of importers and retailers, says Popovich. If three years ago the margin on foreign products was not less than 300%, now retail has to buy wine directly from foreign manufacturers, bypassing the intermediaries and the mark-up was to be about 50%. "Prices on the shelf for imported wines fell sharply, and the buyer, of course, responded with increased demand", — says the expert. At the same time, the Russian producers have blocked all communication with consumers, equating wine to hard alcohol and banning its advertising. Meanwhile, domestic companies produce wine, not inferior to imported in comparable price categories, says Popovich. "This, in my opinion, some political miscalculations. People living in Moscow and seeing how the grapes grow, believe that it is in the country, and the wine from their own grapes for many is still a fairy tale, he says. — The situation is that the state should take control of the import of wine, otherwise the industry will not develop". According to experts, the optimal market would be the ratio of foreign and Russian production 25/75%.
No import can not do
Completely abandon the import is conceptually wrong message, said partner "A8 Practice" by Andrey Tikhomirov. There are two reasons. First, the lack of competition and the closure of the market is the reason for the decline in product quality and rising prices. Secondly, not all products can be produced in Russia physically. Some types of fruit, for example, just don't grow in our climate zone. Also, there are types of products which are traditionally grown, are made in certain countries and even locations, and to repeat their production in our conditions is impossible. The share of imports should not be too high in the structure of production, but also complete rejection of it is not a good step, he said.
To eliminate the import in a particular segment is possible only at observance of three conditions, draws the attention of Maxim Nikitochkina. First, if one or the other category will be products in a wide price range — from the lowest to the highest, or segmentation by price/quality will be virtually absent throughout the year. Secondly, if the sector is to demonstrate a competitive price/production costs of the product. Third, if production is sufficiently developed in the border regions of the country. "As practice shows, in any of the categories of food, all three of these conditions are not met, knows the expert. — So long as the import will happen in a particular quantity to be present on the Russian market". In General, ceteris paribus, foreign production has a positive impact on those industries that have achieved high level of development, believes Nikitochkina. So, the presence of foreign products on the shelves increases competition, and in order to survive, the industry is pursuing technological upgrades, reduces costs, healthier. Clearly it is possible to observe, for example, in pig farming and greenhouse horticulture. A certain amount of imports to stimulate Russian farmers to adopt modern food trends, innovations (especially it concerns processing industries and, in particular, confectionery). Although, of course, in some cases, import is affected negatively. Foreign producers receive significantly more government support than the Russian like an expert. In this case, competition is not healthful, and discriminatory.
The effect of the presence of imports in the market complex, says Tikhomirov. The pros in this case can be divided into two groups — consumers and producers. So, the first entry provides a wider choice of products and also opens the access to goods that are not produced in the local market. In addition, imports affect the General price level. And get the second indirect effect, which they sometimes do not think competition forces them to improve their products, to monitor its quality, that is, to constantly evolve and not stand still, echoes Tikhomirov Nikitochkina. "Those players, who understand it, become stronger and capture more market share, weak, lose the competition," — said the expert.
The presence of a foreign vegetable and fruit products on the shelves gives the consumer a choice and is forcing domestic producers to try to make their goods more competitive, is echoed by the rest of Lachine. In an effort to improve business performance, they are investing in logistics, infrastructure, use of new varieties, begins to monitor quality, to meet higher standards. In the meat segment small share of import the Russian market is necessary. "The import can compensate the lack of volume of certain parts of the cutting. Their offer due to the anatomy of the animal, — says Andrey Dalnov. For example, meat-processing plants in the Kaliningrad buy chicken, it is often easier to bring from abroad, than to take from the center of Russia". But it is a relatively small volume, he adds.
"Milk" is the third product in the shopping cart after tobacco and alcohol, are important in terms of volume and money, so it will always bring in some volumes, I think Cheburashkin. The main thing is to be supplied from abroad goods were of good quality. Indeed, the presence of "bad" products discreditied entire industry.
No country with a developed agricultural sector does not seek to completely get rid of food imports, says Yuri Kovalev. "The main purpose of the large volume of exports with a positive balance (Brazil, Canada) or at least at zero (US and EU), he said. — I think Russia has an ambitious but realistic target — to enter top-10 world exporters of agriculture, having at least a zero foreign trade balance."
What to drink on import
Maxim Novikov, President of the Union of manufacturers of soft drinks and mineral waters
The volume of imports of non-alcoholic beverages, mineral and drinking water in Russia by the end of 2017 exceeded 700 thousand tons worth $450 million, which is approximately 14% and 17% higher than in 2016. Overall, the share of foreign soft drinks and water on the Russian market is insignificant and makes up 2-4% of the total volume in monetary terms depending on the category.
In the structure of import is mostly drinking water of the highest category, some brands of carbonated beverages, non-alcoholic tonic and functional drinks. According to our Union, one of the most promising niches for importers — it is a functional beverage that contains various useful components. Such products are currently in demand in retail, is designed for customers with above-average income. Functional beverages are usually consumed to achieve a certain effect (recovery, strengthen immunity, vitality), they are not a product of everyday consumption and are quite expensive. In the lines of Russian producers begin to appear similar drinks, but our players are just poking niche.
From 5 to 8 March 2019 in the exhibition center Makuhari Messe, Chiba Prefecture, Japan will host a food exhibition FOODEX Japan 2019
Organizers: Japan Management Association and development Agency of foreign trade relations (ETRA) invites the food producers and professional associations to participate in the event.
Exhibition FOODEX Japan is a key B2B event in the region of East Asia, annually attracts around 3,500 exhibitors (including more than 2000 foreign companies) and 80,000 trade visitors and industry professionals.
FOODEX Japan is an efficient platform for the withdrawal of foreign products on the Japanese market. More than 90% of the exhibitors highly appreciated the professional level of the event, the quality of the accompanying business program and the performance of established contacts.
Japan has established itself as an expert in the field of healthy and harmonious food and has a great influence on the tastes of consumers in the region of East Asia.
Exporter, released on the Japanese market greatly facilitates the process of entering the markets of neighboring countries: South Korea, Taiwan, China, which has expressed confidence in Japanese standards and the quality of the products, marked attention of Japanese buyers.
At FOODEX Japan for the first time Russia 2018 presented a national pavilion in which their products successfully presented the company "Makfa", the holding "United Confectioners" and wineries "Phanagoria".
Participation in FOODEX Japan 2019 could include the Russian national pavilion and individual basis. Exhibitors in the Russian pavilion will receive comprehensive support in preparations for the event, and directly work on the stand, as well as assistance to subsidize JSC "REC".
In case of Your interest of participation in the exhibition please till 01 Sep 2018 to inform the Omsk chamber of Commerce Fedotova Natalia Borisovna
by phone: (3812) 24-54-61 or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Entrepreneurs using online-cash "Motor", is now available loan from PSB "PSB "it's simple!" with a limit of up to 1 million rubles. Offer listed in your account "Avatar", where the entrepreneur can leave the application and get a decision on the loan without visiting the Bank's office.
Application takes 5 minutes – you must specify the amount and term of the loan, and provide consent to the processing of personal data and request in Bureau of credit stories. In accordance with the request of the entrepreneur "Motor" will provide the Bank with required financial information about the company. Within 12 hours the Bank will take a decision without further request documents and coordinate with the client time of departure of the Manager to open a current account. Registration and receiving the credit the Internet Bank Promsvyazbank takes only 5 minutes.
"PSB uses the advanced technology of digital organisations to automate and transfer their online credit products for SMEs. The result is solutions that significantly saves time and resources of the entrepreneur, – said the innocent Volovik, Director of products and technologies of small and medium business PSB. – Our new joint project with the company "Motor" designed just for this purpose. Businesses that use online-cash "Avatar" at least the last 6 months, will be able to quickly and easily take out a loan to PSB without bail and sureties".
"According to our estimations, today in obtaining Bank loans interest at least half of the entrepreneurs with their business. At the same time, the difficulty of access to Finance, most of them called one of the main problems faced by small business. We are working with PSB make Bank loans more affordable in the first place due to the fact that the Bank facilitate the decision-making process. Technologies make the business transparent and understandable for the Bank and the entrepreneur gets necessary funding for the development of your business," – says Anton Booth, head of big data company "Motor".
This offer is valid only for customers "Avatar".
Scientific-production Association SOUTH became the first customer purchased the product ProfileCenter company "SearchInform". Based on the analysis of the texts of the correspondences, the product allows you to obtain information about values, beliefs of employees, to determine criminal tendencies in the nature and predict its behavior both in standard and critical situations.
The transaction took place after months of free testing of the product, which the company has received profiles on a number of staff.
"Our experts studied profiling in "SearchInform" and saw that it is an effective tool for the proper prediction of possible incidents of information security due to the human factor, as well as a tool of human resource management. Solution for automated profiling ProfileCenter would enable us to implement personnel policies more effectively", – says Deputy head of IT company SOUTH Sergey Sinitsyn.
SOUTH is engaged in the development, production and implementation of management systems and ensure the safe movement of trains. In company with ProfileCenter want to evaluate the psychological makeup of employees considered by the management to improve, identify the most ambitious, as well as informal leaders. In addition, it will help to cut off those candidates who are able to sharply react negatively to a promotion of other candidates and destructive influence on the atmosphere in the team.
Given the psychological types of employees, the user will be able to effectively create teams for long trips. With the help of profiling the company aims to keep track of employees with strong criminal tendencies for greater attention to it security. And, finally, profiling can help to distinguish between those who, on the contrary, worthy of trust and application of measures of material support, which are practiced in the SOUTH.
"We have developed ProfileCenter to facilitate the daily work of specialists of the security service, to help them to prevent problems due to human error, and not to deal with the consequences. Three months after product launch we generated over 200 license keys for companies that are among the first decided to test profiling in the composition of DLP-system. We are very pleased that the client appreciated the opportunities of our development not only for the needs of information security, but also for managerial tasks", – says senior analyst "SearchInform" Alex Parfentiev.
The launch of a solution for automated profiling of staff ProfileCenter company "SearchInform" announced in March 2017. For a new direction has established a special unit headed by a seasoned expert Profiler. In April 2018 product was issued in a commercial release.
Kaliningrad trade and industry chamber informs that the Agency of trade (ETRA), on behalf of Japan Management Association, invites the food producers and professional associations to participate in food exhibition FOODEX Japan 2019, which will be held from 5 to 8 March 2019 in the exhibition center Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan.
Exhibition FOODEX Japan is a key B2B event in the region of East Asia, annually attracts around 3,500 exhibitors (including more than 2000 foreign companies) and 80,000 trade visitors and industry professionals. FOODEX Japan is the only effective platform for the withdrawal of foreign products on the Japanese market. More than 90% of the exhibitors highly appreciated the professional level of the event, the quality of the accompanying business program and the performance of established contacts.
Japan has established itself as an expert in the field of healthy and harmonious food and has a great influence on the tastes of consumers in the region of East Asia. Exporter, released on the Japanese market greatly facilitates the process of entering the markets of neighboring countries: South Korea, Taiwan, China, which has expressed confidence in Japanese standards and the quality of the products, marked attention of Japanese buyers.
At FOODEX Japan for the first time Russia 2018 presented a national pavilion in which their products successfully presented the company "Makfa", the holding "United Confectioners" and wineries "Phanagoria".
Participation in FOODEX Japan 2019 could include the Russian national pavilion and individual basis. Exhibitors in the Russian pavilion will receive comprehensive support in preparations for the event, and directly work on the stand, as well as assistance to subsidize JSC "REC".
For participation in the exhibition and more information, contact the Agency for the development of foreign trade relations (ETRA): +7 499 35 035 29, email@example.com.
Applications for participation in exhibition are accepted until October 1, 2019.
Contact person from the Kaliningrad TPP: Gordievich Valeriya Valerievna, tel.: 590-650, firstname.lastname@example.org
31 Aug Bogdan Yarovoy, managing partner of the venture capital company SmartHub, coming to the Studio Kaliningrad chamber of Commerce, to talk about venture capital activities, investing in startups and how to understand what the project is all the same "shoot".
Bogdan Yarovoy in 2014 traded strict definiteness of the banking sector to risky (venture) investments. Together with its partners, invests in technology companies early stage around the world. "Our task is to find a stellar team, to come up with an innovative product or technology, targeted at the emerging global market, which eventually grows into a business worth 100+ million dollars, - tells Bogdan Vitalievich. For 3 years we have invested in 33 startups in Russia, Lithuania, Australia, Hong Kong, Germany, England, USA, Canada."
A series of events - "a Night with the sharks of the business of the Kaliningrad region" - it's 12 meetings - discussions with entrepreneurs who built from scratch a business in our region.
We will be glad to see our "Evening" held from entrepreneurs and beginner businessmen, students, business programs, economically active residents of the region who are thinking about starting their own business.
Meeting with Mr. Summer will be held August 31 at 16:00 (Soviet PR-t, 179, meeting room on the 6th floor). The discussion will be able to participate as the audience in the Studio and watching what is happening on the screen, because each "Evening" is online on the page etc on a social network "Facebook" (https://www.facebook.com/vatutina20/)
Olga Filina, Kirill Zhurenkov and Svetlana Sukhova speaking about the new food security Doctrine
The Ministry of agriculture is preparing to adopt a new food security Doctrine. How do I find "Spark", the interests of the citizens and the state in her diverge
At the beginning of this year, the Ministry of agriculture recognized that food security Doctrine, adopted in 2010, is outdated and requires a new edition. One of the most promising projects of the updated Doctrine was sent for interagency coordination and in late July got the first critical reviews with the experts: as explained by the joint team of researchers from the Moscow school of management SKOLKOVO, the Russian Academy of national economy and of the Council on foreign and defense policy project, in 2018, with the aim to achieve maximum food independence of the country, jeopardizes the diversity and quality of the products on our table.
The fact that the concept of "food security" can be understood at least in two ways. On the one hand, all relevant military-strategic considerations: "if tomorrow war, if tomorrow a campaign", the country must provide itself with all necessary. This requires a faster pace by any means to increase food independence. On the other hand, no less appropriate civil-humanitarian logic: food security exists where all citizens are fed and have access to quality food. In this approach, the right to sacrifice "their" product in favor of the alien, if the latter is better.
According to the latest data, with independence in Russia, the situation is bad: in 2017 was achieved and even exceeded all the prescribed Doctrine, the share of domestic products in total domestic market (with the exception of two groups — milk and fish). In the period of 2016-2017 years has grown production of all goods compared to 2011-2015 years: from 6.2 percent for eggs to 35.5 per cent for grain.
However, with the availability of food for the population, the picture is opposite. The devaluation of the ruble, sanctions introduced resulted in the fact that in some regions the vast majority of Russians spend on food more than half of its budget, and the level of consumption of basic products by the poorest layers does not exceed 60 percent of the norm, and often the question arises about the quality of the product.
In the new draft Doctrine, the Ministry of agriculture clearly indicates that "the national interests of the state in the long term are including in improving the quality of life of Russian citizens" and "including" very typical, —says Natalya shagaida, Director, centre for agrofood policy, Ranepa. — For example, the Ministry operates a public Council, which includes all — both scientists, and business and lobbyists, but there is no man who would have expressed the interests of consumers. Which leads, eventually, to ridiculous situations: for example, the purchase of the products for budget catering (army, schools, hospitals) is carried out by a single criterion — price. And then ask the Manager why in the rump the bugs out...
Experts cite another telling detail: according to the current legislation, the Ministry of agriculture and joined to it departments report to the President on the state of food security in the country annually until may 15, but the data on spending of the population for food, about nutrition and about the availability of the core products appear only in the summer, consequently is simply not recorded in official documents.
Just increasing Russian production of certain food products when the embargo is sometimes posed a challenge to their quality.
— When introduced retaliatory sanctions and removed most of the imported products from the shelves, we set a goal — to saturate the market,— says Tatyana Rybalova, head of the analytical center of the National Union of milk producers.— If insufficient volumes of production of their own milk went in the course of products with palm oil. The state looked at it indulgently, after all start to fight — the shelves will remain empty. And now from palm oil no one is ready to quit the company driven fake because it gives a huge margin. Someone adds not palm oil, but, say, starch and other non-dairy components in production. Someone pours milk components (like whey left over from the production of cheese and butter in New Zealand), which cannot be detected in the finished product. All these tricks reduce the quality of what we eat, but the industry is so used to them that he considers normal. Comes to the absurd: we are increasing the production of milk, and it has no need enough vegetable and other substitutes. It is hoped that the government, which is now really invested in dairy farming, do not let all the wind and bring order...
In self-control and self-control of producers, the experts believe is weak: even if the Doctrine of food security considering the quality of life of citizens only "including" why would a business worry about it?
Generally, domestic support affects mainly "large companies such as" who from the height of his position just don't see many problems on the ground.
Every year there are 5-8 of companies that receive more than a billion rubles of state subsidies,— says Natalya shagaida.— Subsidies help to obtain large loans. Even the local administration in the villages with the desire to assist large companies to shape their land use to the detriment of their local farmers. We have seriously discussed what the agricultural structure is the country: personally I begs comparison with the large landowner land tenure: a gentleman in Paris, and the peasants working under the supervision of a Manager. Agricultural holdings — the largest recipients of government subsidies are often registered in offshore zones.
As a counterexample, experts recall the experience of Brazil, separately prescribed in the program "Zero hunger" (analogous to our Doctrine) the responsibilities of businesses to create jobs in rural areas and measures to support family farms, producing for their own consumption. What will be better in the long term, yet to be tested.
However, tested in Russia, too, is not so smooth: as noted in the report of the Moscow school of management SKOLKOVO, to determine a measure of the effectiveness of our agrogarant difficult. After all, the state automated informational system in the sphere of food security, which the Ministry of agriculture spent a total of over 300 million rubles, or does not work, or it works inaccessible to the public: no one's seen reports on more than six hundred of the stated indicators which have been collected and analyzed on a regular basis... and how you can make a conclusion based on such a huge number of indicators? Maybe the computer from the tension broke...
Pork have gone to growth. The average price of a kilogram of sirloin passed for 400 rubles. What's the matter, found "Vecherka".
The rise in pork prices is associated with the spread of African swine fever. This was announced by the expert of the market of meat of the Institute for agricultural market studies Anna Kudryakova.
— So the market reacts to report all new cases of disease in animals on private farms, — the expert explained. Summer, of course, the situation with the spread of the disease escalates, as the animals can move freely.
Maybe the price increase is a good reason to opt out of pork? How useful and safe this meat, "Vecherka" has learned from the nutritionist.
Pork is a great source of protein. And the protein — building material of the human body, says dietitian Elena Solomatina. Besides, pork contains lots of b vitamins, iron, zinc, magnesium, potassium and other useful minerals.
Pork — low-calorie product. Nutritionists strongly recommend to use lean tenderloin at least once a week people who suffer from anemia. Regular consumption of pork fills the shortage of milk in lactating mothers.
But there are problems.
— First of all they are connected with farming meat. Growth hormones designed to increase the weight of pigs is common, unfortunately, the case. So you need to know who is you buy pork, and don't use if this farmer steroids — said Elena Solomatina.
Another danger of pork — fat. It is very rich in calories and therefore not useful to people fat and are not engaged in intense physical labor.
— The abuse of fatty pork leads to obesity and the development of atherosclerosis and formation of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels, — said Solomatin.
So when choosing pork is to give preference to the tenderloin, where minimum body fat and maximum muscle fibers. It is lower in calories and are rich in proteins. In fact, this is a real diet product — if, of course, the pig was not injected with growth hormones and antibiotics.
Boneless pork beneficial effect on the reproductive function of women, reducing the risk of infertility, and in men, improves the potency, because it contains a lot of protein, necessary for formation of healthy sperm.
18 kg of pork a year eats an average resident of Russia.
Jerzy Wysocki — old Miller. It is not surprising that he invented and patented environmental disposable tableware made from bran. Business plan Vysotsky can be a real revolution in the fight against plastic, which contaminates the environment.
Five years of experimentation over a plate of loose bran
Bran is a by — product of processing grain into flour. It is popular as a useful addition to a balanced diet. But it turned out that this useful and easy dust can be used as an alternative to plastic disposable utensils.
A plate of bran and the raw material from which it is produced
Jerzy Wysocki created this product for several years. First of all he wanted to do the dishes for the grill, and get plates for everything. Which, by the way, it is possible to eat:
"When bran is mixed with water, sometimes formed solid lumps. So I came up with the idea to create the dishes for the grill, says Vysotsky Polish edition natemat.pl. — I have experimented five years: how much of the bran, how much water, how much water vapor, and under what pressure it to compress to get a durable product.
I have designed machines for production. A plate of smooth, hard, easy and not razmyakaet under the influence of warm food. After eating, you can eat it like a waffle".
Jerzy Wysocki and its products. Collage: biotrem.pl
When they managed to make a perfect product, Miller turned the centennial mill, which was owned by his family, in the production of biodegradable tableware.
To protect your dishes and environmental technology around the world, Miller has received three patents. The project received support from the Fund of the European Union, two million Polish zlotys (about 540 thousand dollars).
Fear to fail has intensified creativity
To the creation of environmental enterprises Miller pushed the difficult situation faced by the private sector in the field of production of flour in Poland. Several years ago, the flour of very high grade was worth about 1.25 zloty per kilogram, while the threshold of profitability for business Vysotsky was about 1.5 zloty. Bankruptcy was a very real prospect.
At the same time, bran is a real problem for the flour business. Is a by-product of production. It turns out a lot, and buy it with reluctance.
Tested dishes of bran
On the page of the company Jerzy Wysocki argues that disposable tableware made from bran is suitable for both hot and cold dishes. It can be used in the oven and in the microwave.
In our hands was a bowl of bran Vysotsky. We decided poyuzat, that is, on full — to see if she really will not crawl from the warm food and moisture. Of course, then we ate it, to learn about the taste of one of the most eco-friendly cookware in the world.
The first test boiled potatoes. How could it be otherwise? We cooked the potatoes and put it on a plate of bran:
The result is positive: the test potatoes dish stood. But whether it is now possible to eat?
Only in our version of a plate of bran... moved into our stomachs.
There is another possibility of utilization of this dish — send it to the compost. Dishes from the bran decompose within 30 days, compared with plastic — almost anything.
Perhaps our text will inspire some of you to create in difficult conditions, something brilliant, simple and environmental. As plates Jerzy Wysocki, Miller and creative businessman.
Union "the Omsk trading-industrial chamber" presents to Your attention
JSC "Special economic zone "Saint-Petersburg" (hereinafter-SEZ) is a member of the St. Petersburg chamber of Commerce.