Novosibirsk, June 9, 2018: the Group of companies "Obuv Rossii", one of the leaders of the Russian footwear market, plans to open a new Shoe factory in the village of Linevo of the Novosibirsk region, which received the status of the territory of advancing socio-economic development in March 2018. An investment project of factory on manufacture zelenotropyns shoes and Shoe bottom parts made of polymer materials Group, introduced today at the Board of investment of the Novosibirsk region. For the project in the structure of the Group created a new company — OOO "Avalink", which is registered in Linevo. The company plans to open a factory in the 3rd quarter of 2019, when at full capacity in 2023, the plant will produce 1.1 million pieces per year. The planned volume of investments will amount to 760 million rubles. The new factory will be involved including the existing production capacity of the company, which is located in Novosibirsk, and developed technology.
"Footwear of Russia" may become the first resident of the ADZ. "Linevo well located from the point of view of interaction with our main manufacturing facility in nearby Berdsk, as a result, we will receive the cooperation of the two companies. We believe that obtaining the status of ADZ, an important achievement of the regional authorities, which will attract new investors to the region. Our company is interested in the project, the ADZ was attended by as many players as possible, including of light industry, and related industries", comments Anton Titov, Director GK "Footwear of Russia".
"Obuv Rossii" plans to create on the territory of Linevo factory zelenotropyns shoes and Shoe bottom parts made of polymeric materials. The company already has experience in the production of polymer footwear, primarily from ethylene vinyl acetate: 2014 in Novosibirsk is an automated plant for the production of such shoes. At the moment, "Footwear of Russia" has developed and implemented such a range, such as: shale, clogs made entirely of EVA and with a combination of EVA and other materials; women's winter boots-quilted and men's winter solid boots for hunters and fishermen; women's summer shoes.
At the site in Linevo range of shoes will be expanded. The main marketing channel for the new production facility will become its own retail network of "Obuv Rossii", which now has more than 580 stores; in three years the company intends to increase to 1,000 stores. Also potential markets for factory are the market working shoes "the Footwear of Russia" already working with major food production facilities for the manufacture of such shoes; and footwear for hunting and fishing, where domestic products are of decent quality are presented in small volumes.
The market of plastic shoes is promising. By estimations Discovery Research Group, the volume in 2017 amounted to 51.3 million pairs, an increase compared to 2016 with 21.4%. Almost half of this market is domestic production, which is predominantly in the South of Russia, North Caucasus and the European part of the country. In Siberia and the far East large-scale production of polymer footwear is actually missing. According to forecasts of the DRG, the market in 2020 will increase to 63.8 million pairs.
The founder "pjaterochki" Andrey Rogachev partner and I created a platform for food trade on the Internet, their goal is the conquest of the market volume of $300 billion
In April 2015, the businessman Andrei Rogachev looked in the cinema the action movie "fast and furious 7". The plot spun around a search for a device called the "eye of God" that allows you to find anyone, anywhere in the world. Four years before, the participant of list Forbes Rogachev (No. 131, $800 million) sold his stake in the company X5 Retail Group. Later he bought in Moscow a few farmer's markets and called manage Alexander Volchek, co-owner of the firm of business training "Business youth". "We need to start the project "Eye-I" — decided Rogachev, coming out of the cinema. — "The eye", which will be anywhere to see in real time all the prices on the food market, this has not happened anywhere in the world." We started with the prices and came to the creation of wholesale and retail trade web-platform that eliminates the middleman-the distributor.
In the web-platform for trade in food and Rogachev, if you are invested in equal shares of about $20 million, the project called "Агро24". "We realized that the food market, the largest of the industry, not digitized: at the entrance you can only buy commodities at the output there are companies like "Platypus", and to purchase online a container of Coca-Cola or a ton of chicken impossible", — says Rogachev. According to the "Агро24", today the volume of Russian market of food is about $300 billion Plunkett Research estimates that the global market volume of more than $8.1 trillion, to him dream "Агро24".
Rogachev met Volchek in 2014, when out of curiosity I looked at the seminar "Business youth". Volchek was responsible in this company for the technology. In 2015, when the partners registered "Агро24", Volchek sold his share of the "Business youth." "In the spring of 2016, as soon as we realized that the world food market is $8 trillion, immediately landed in the office" jokes Volchek, who became the CEO of "Агро24". In the business centre at "Avtozavodskaya" put four table — for the programmer, a website designer, analyst and administrator. Now in the office, "Агро24" about 60 employees. In fact, the "Агро24" food exchange platform guarantees the execution of transactions and acts as the counterparty for buyers and sellers.
In 2014 Volchek began to collect information on retail prices for food and immediately faced difficulties. If, for example, the description and the price of home appliances shopping put on websites and even give the opportunity to compare similar products, the largest food chains show only a fraction of the prices of the shares and discounts, sometimes in the format .pdf, which is not read by search engines. Now part of the price for the catalog of "Агро24" transfer partners that are engaged in price monitoring in stores, some data comes from customers connected to "Агро24", their prices are recorded in the system after transactions.
Both buyer and seller, it is important to specify the correct parameters, because they determine the transaction price. "Here's the eggs with a shelf life of 30 days C2 category, price 34 rubles, — gives an example Volchek. — How much it should cost, when a shelf life of three days, and the restaurant will be prepared to buy bulk to use in their dishes?" In the application for the pork, you can put more than 50 parameters, including, for example, the method of slaughtering, the presence of the disruption of subcutaneous tissue, pigmentation and blemishes. Customers enter requirements on goods in the system, and the sellers as thoroughly describe the proposal. IT system can process the profiles of supply and demand that directly drives the buyer to the seller and they can make a deal. By the end of April 2018 in the "Агро24", according to the company, there were more than 14 000 applications.
The owner of the company "Mozhaysky milk" Alexander Kozlov says that on a monthly basis "Агро24" it takes about five transactions with the wholesale companies and brick and mortar retail. Lots of butter in the monolith, and cottage cheese — from 500 kg. Beginning of cooperation with the platform coincided with the restructuring of the distribution system of the company and waiver services, a major distributor, its margin was 20%. Kozlov hopes to find on a web platform of new customers. "I change the model and worldview, says Kozlov. — We need Analytics "Агро24" to know how much should be on the shelf of our sour cream, cheese, butter, soft cheeses, which we promote in a large trading network".
In the spring of 2017, the partners came to a familiar, Rogachev, the owner of Tinkoff to Tinkoff Bank, Oleg and told about his platform. They wanted to party they could for the day to open the account, the transaction would take place through the Bank around the clock, and customers would be credited for transactions. To Tinkoff liked the idea. From December 2017, the deal went through the Bank and domestic clearing center "Агро24". In 2018 should begin fast results and service loans for the purchase of food at "Агро24", says the head of direction "Tinkoff business" Fyodor Bukharov. The expense of the "Агро24" opened the Tinkoff Bank, if bidders open accounts there, the Bank pays Rogachev and Volchek Commission. The second financial partner "Агро24" — Modelbank.
From December 2017, when launched the beta version of the web platform, it passed through about 200 transactions in the system appeared around 40,000 users — food producers and retailers. To attract them, "Агро24" uses several channels: mailing list, YouTube, advertising banners.
While "Агро24" does not charge a Commission. "The Commission will be floating from 0% to 5%, — says Volchek. — It depends on the product, lot size, delivery time and conditions." Basic earnings "Агро24" expects to receive not at the expense of fees, and from additional services: handling applications in the top positions, detailed Analytics, statistics and advanced search options. "When you have 10,000 transactions, then there will be a paid service packages", — says Volchek.
However "Агро24" has already earned $450 000. What if fees and additional services yet? It provides its technology franchise. "We believe that many customers need to get the feet, says Rogachev. — Some little canning factory for 50 people from Kaluga Kuban or through the Internet, to us never comes." The wholesale market still works on the phone or at best email. Franchisee "Агро24" teach and connect to the system new entrants and the master franchisee have the right to sell the franchise and get half the Commission from each deal. Now the company is 114 master franchisee (60 active). "The market we have a dense, even many large suppliers, says one of the first master franchisee "Агро24" Eduard Solovyov. And, in addition, the market is very corrupt: the owners want transparency, as managers it is not profitable, so the main thing is to reach out to the owners." Solovyov in 2011, worked on a coaching course in the "Business of youth". And when in may 2016 I saw on the Internet that "Агро24" invites franchisee, have decided to conclude an agreement. Put the girls on a "cold call". He began to communicate with the Directors of shops, restaurants, wholesalers, owners of small industries. The first franchise he sold to the owner of a chain of fish stores from Blagoveshchensk. Although the Commission has covered about a third of its costs on a franchise, your investment Soloviev has not yet paid for.
In 2014, the Beijing startups Liu Chuangchun made an app for phones, which has become a bridge between small farmers producing vegetables, and small restaurants. Restaurants could directly order fresh Kale Bok Choy or eggplant Zezza. Traditional reteylovy scheme with dealers was destroyed. In 2014, the firm Liu Meicai.cn (translated from the Chinese "Buy vegetables") has received the first $1.6 million investment. Four years later, the service has enjoyed thousands of restaurants in January 2018, the firm has received investment of $450 million from Tiger Global Management, Genesis and China Media. The company investors have valued at $2.8 billion Rogachev said that this is the benchmark for "Агро24", a goal that I would like to achieve in 2019. However, "the business plan is something that never comes true", he sneers.
There are other examples. Two Australians — former Manager of the agrochemical company Clive Yoxall and former employee email Andrew Maitland in 2015 launched a startup IRexchange (IR). Barely after starting IT platform for transactions between food producers and small independent retailers agreed to deliver to the stores with global logistics firm DHL. In October 2017 the number included in the system of stores reached 300, and hosted the first round of investment: financial group Moelis Australia, the investment Bank Peloton Capital and investment group Shaw and Partners contributed to the project $25 million "We are rewriting the rules of competition," POPs up the motto on the website of the company. In 2016, the newspaper quoted an ambitious business plan IR: to raise $50 million in investment and exit in the first year on turnover of $4 billion and the second $8 billion with EBITDA of $100 million to Implement these plans failed. Rogachev said that they offered the Australians to buy the platform "Агро24" that can be applied anywhere: "to Put, for example, in Dubai and trade in the whole of Africa." The owners of IR is not answered. They did not answer and at the request of Forbes.
Rogachev sent is targeting Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and even try your model on the US market. The English version of the platform have already tested, also conducted a survey of potential partners and assessed the cost of advertising. All the us retail prices puts the products on their sites. "As soon as otterstrom our model here, six to eight months will come to US, — says Volchek. — To expand there advertising, you have five minutes." According to him, the American market will need another $60 million.
Experts have told, that will result in excise reform.
With the beginning of 2018, gasoline prices in Russia rose by 7.3%, on diesel by almost 8%. Experts believe that the situation was provoked by the high cost of hydrocarbons on the world markets and a weak ruble. Suppliers more profitable to export petroleum products, which has in the domestic market. As in the Voronezh reflected a jump in gasoline prices – in the material RIA "Voronezh".
The sphere of transportation
The Voronezh experts predict a rise in prices for transportations. This applies both to transport of goods and passenger transport.
– Price of fuel – an integral part of the cost. If you do not increase the cost of the service, the carrier will reduce the salary of the driver, will buy fewer parts, will spend less on oil, tires. Whoever provides the service will always try to recoup their costs. This applies to individual entrepreneurs and all other participants of the market, – said the Chairman of the Committee on transport, transport infrastructure and logistics of the chamber of Commerce of the Voronezh region Ivan Kornyushkin.
Dynamics of prices on gasoline
|AI-92||39,10 rubles/l*||39,95 RUB/l||Of 42.61 RUB/l||+8,9|
|AI-95||42,10 RUB/l||42,97 rubles/liter||45,77 RUB/l||+8,7|
|D/T||39,40 RUB/l||40,59, RUB/l||43,78 RUB/l||+11.1 V|
* The prices at the beginning of the month. Data provided by: Voronezhskaja and "cutting-edge Payment Solutions."
Chairman regotdeleniya "Committee on protection of the rights of motorists" Nikolay Kiselyov considers that it will increase prices for passenger transportation.
– The cost of public transport is regulated by the authorities. It is clear that the officials will feel the pressure from the drivers – they say it's time to raise prices. The conversations were before the rise in the cost of gasoline, but now the process will only be accelerated, – said Kiselev. – The increase in gasoline prices is not economically affect the cost of travel. Another issue is that public transport Voronezh – solid "black money". Whether the business is socially responsible, taxis have transported people and at today's prices. But the leap in the cost of gasoline – a convenient excuse to push through price increases. Prices will rise for any transportation – intercity, freight. Because the cost of fuel is always present in any such service.
Deputy Chairman of the standing Committee on transport, industry, development of small and medium business in Voronezh Gordumy Nikolay Krutskikh said that the price of public transport will lead to a strike by carriers.
One representative from private transportation companies, talking about intercity transportation, said that by increasing prices, the company holds a small passenger traffic:
– I don't think the fare on intercity buses private companies will change. Competition in this market is very high. The average cost of travel to Moscow, 1, thousand kept for three years. In the near future the cost will hardly increase: buses and so is a few people, RZD takes away the bulk of customers. And bus companies are many and they are fiercely competitive.
The price increase hit both in large agricultural holdings and small peasant farmers. Significantly increased the cost of grain.
Farmers in the Voronezh region have already begun to sound the alarm.
Alexander Tatarko, Director of mku "information Center" Kantemirovsky:
– Farmers come to us asking whether additional subsidies – diesel fuel went up, and no support. While we have nothing specific I can not say. Are we waiting for a massive bankruptcy of KFKH largely depends on how the rest of the year, including weather conditions. The livestock more or less developed, therefore, the bankruptcy unlikely, growing harder. I think, to mass bankruptcy will not come. As for lubricants, many farmers were doing inventory, so their is a rise in price of gasoline not affected. It is clear that the cost of goods will rise, but what will be the prices on the market difficult to predict. If prices are too low in order to avoid losses, it is likely that farmers their products will hold. They don't want to give it for nothing.
Experts have predicted the imminent increase in the price of grains associated with reduced yield, but that's hardly fully cover the cost. Following the grain will rise in price of animal products such as grain goes to feed, the inevitable rise in prices for meat and eggs.
– Increase the price of gasoline and diesel fuel – a big notch out of the pockets of farmers given the fact that the yield this year is lower. The situation is quite tense, – said General Director of the Institute for agricultural market studies Dmitry Rylko. – As a rule, grain prices do not fall kompensiruet yield completely. They are formed depending on the world market, and there the situation may not be perfect, but smooth. A plus is the rising prices of "fuels". The mass bankruptcy of farmers, the situation will not, but the problems they have to be serious.
Valeriy Kubrak, a farmer from Kantemirovsky district:
– Prices are rising and fuel we did not buy. Last year I purchased diesel fuel for the entire spring field for 33 rubles per liter. In the autumn the price went up to 36 in December to 38. A few days ago called the oil company to buy fuel for harvesting, said that the price for 44 of the ruble. The cost last year was high. A purchase price in the fall was very low. We lost the fuel, and took the harvest for a pittance. Had to take out loans to pay suppliers. This year, grain prices rose, but I crop already sold, it was necessary to pay the debts. It is hoped that grain prices jump again, otherwise I will go again at a loss. After all, not only more expensive fuel, but also engineering, electricity. Costs are rising, income is not.
A farmer from novousmansky Anton Belyaev agreed that the work in the current environment – at a loss:
For "goryuchku" will be pulled, and the rest. Given the competition in the market, the price of food is unlikely to increase significantly. Purchasing power of the population in the modern world is limited, so any jumps in the underlying costs borne by the producers. Following the increase in costs we can't seriously raise the price. The more I produce tomatoes, melons, watermelons – they are cheap enough "competitors" from Turkey, Central Asia, and China. Costs profit I do not. In my household the price change has already affected: costs are in real time, and the potential revenue will be only the beginning of the harvest, in late summer. Now I just leave negative.
As the transportation of goods laid in their cost, the expected increase in food prices, I'm sure the President of the Guild of bakers and confectioners of the Voronezh region Marina Lyutikova.
Companies will begin to spend more on transportation and reimburse their costs, raising prices on products. I think local produce is affected to a small degree, but those that are brought from far away, especially in the car – clearly – explained Lyutikova. Now everyone froze in anticipation that the prices are a little prislushatsya. If nothing happens, eventually the cost will increase. Maybe some prices will rise by a tiny percentage, invisible to the consumer, but will grow in any case.
Executive Director of the National Association of experts in the field of transport and logistics Olga Fedotkin:
– In any product is the fraction that is attributable to fuel. In case of rise in price of gasoline increases the cost of transport costs, which, in turn, have an impact on the cost of the final product. But food prices depend on many factors. To highlight the influence of gasoline is impossible. Growth can be expected due to the introduction of counter-sanctions. Now, in principle, a complex stage in the development of the economy.
Will the reduction in excise duties?
The Russian government has reduced the excise tax on gasoline and fuel from June 1, 2018. Agreement was concluded with representatives of fuel companies that provided tax breaks, the price growth will be stopped. Because of this, according to the estimates of the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov, the Federal budget will lose about 140 billion rubles. The changes will affect the budgets of the regions. To minimize their losses, the authorities plan to increase revenues from excise duties to the entities to 100%. While 40% goes to the Federal Treasury.
Sergey dukanov, PhD, associate Professor of law faculty of VSU:
– On the issue of changing the distribution of excise on oil products between the Federation and the regions in favor of the latter will explain to the budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation such a decision would be neutral, because it will not lead to growth their revenues. The reduction in the rate of excise duty will result in reduction of size for both Federal and regional budgets by almost a third. To compensate for the shortfall in income it is proposed to amend the Budget code and increase the proportion coming into the coffers of the regions, up to 100%. This will help to keep the level of revenues to road funds of constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Greater interest is the question of whether the reduction in excise duties to stabilize the prices of petroleum products, not to mention their decline. If to make simple calculations, 92 octane gasoline by late summer, should be worth 37-38 rubles. Hard to believe, since the main problem of the uncontrolled growth of prices, I think the high monopolization of the market production and refining of petroleum products. Therefore, tax cuts may not produce the desired effect. Russia is experiencing a phase in its development, similar to the United States at the turn of XIX and XX centuries, when the confrontation between the "kings" of business and government reached its peak. In America, then managed to restrict monopolies and protect its people from the appetites of the "robber barons", Morgan, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt. The decision to reduce the excise taxes in our country still looks or concession on the part of the state, or a respite before a new fight.
Yuri creshevsky, Professor, head of the Department of Economics of the management of organizations Economics of Voronezh state University:
– Reduction in excise duties will curb the price of gasoline. The excise tax is a pure tax on the consumer, they are included in the price. Under the current circumstances, other options for cost containment I do not see. Moreover, the reduction is accompanied by an agreement between the government and the oil companies, though the law is not supposed. I think that eventually prices will recover to a level that was to raise in the region of 40 rubles. On the Federal budget, the reduction in excise duties may be bad. The regional will feel it due to the probable reduction in transfers from the Federal budget transfers. There will be a redistribution. What articles will cut, hard to say, 140 billion rubles – a hefty sum. But probably had to find some reserve. It is likely that by reducing excise taxes will save on subsidies also agriculture. Now the growth of gasoline prices exceeded the "red line" that should not be exceeded.
Associate Professor of the Department of regional studies and economy of foreign countries Department of international relations, Voronezh state University Dmitry Lomsadze:
– Federal government went on a populist measure of regulation of excise duties. But this "robbing Peter to pay Paul". The regions consider their population – still took their money. Reduction in excise duties will not affect the retail sales of petroleum products retail the retail sector is not exposed to changes in the wholesale market. We have the inappropriate behavior of the suppliers of petroleum products. In my opinion, the process would interfere with the antitrust agencies. The agreement between the oil companies and the Federal government that petrol prices will not rise, – administrative measures, which the legal bases do not have. There is no reason to oil industry workers behave appropriately in the domestic market, where they feel like a monopoly. The price increase that we saw very serious proportions, but none of the responsibility does not bear.
After two consecutive seasons of low prices for wheat (2015/16-2016/17) in the current agricultural year has place confident their growth.
The reason – the extremely low supply of millet. In connection with sharp reduction of areas in 2017, the gross collection was significantly below the needs of the domestic market. At the same time, increased export of this culture.
If in the first half of 2017/18/x g. shortage of millet was covered by reserves from last season, in the second half of producers of wheat began to increasingly experience a shortage of raw materials. The price of millet from September 2017 through may 2018 in the regions-producers increased in 2-2,5 times.
Accordingly, the wheat has risen. So, in the Saratov region is the largest producer of the grains – the average price tag of groats at the end of may this year amounted to 25.5 thousand rubles/ton vs 11.5 thousand rubles/ton in early September 2017.
Domestic consumption and export of millet (tons) average producer prices of millet (RUB/t with VAT)
*Domestic consumption and exports – left axis, price – right axis.
Gross harvest of potatoes produced last year, promised the market higher prices, because the volume of the harvest and its quality decreased. However, the expectations of farmers have not been achieved in full. In April-may, which usually accounts for peak prices, the products became cheaper
According to the forecast of the Ministry of agriculture, the planting area of potato in 2018 in the agricultural and individual farms should reach 306 thousand hectares In 2017 agriculture employed 276 thousand hectares (in fact-gathering). "This year is like 30 thousand hectares more, but in the past the plan was also considerably higher — 336 hectares, but planting has declined due to the lingering spring, the total complex of weather conditions during the growing season, says the Executive Director of the Potato Union Alexey Krasilnikov. — Therefore, when compared to projections in the current year a reduction in the area". Assessment of organization — about 310 thousand ha of potatoes, which corresponds to the average figure in recent years. And this, according to experts, more optimal for the market area: in 2013-2015, the farmers planted on average, 330 thousand hectares, which ultimately led to overproduction.
What's with the squares
The area under potatoes will grow, says expert of the Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) Svetlana Kuleshova. This farmers could "inspire" a good last season. By mid-may planting works were completed in the major regions-producers of the South. According to the operative data of the Ministry of agriculture, on may 14 in the Krasnodar region in the corporate sector planted potatoes on 42% more than the same date last year, in the Rostov region — 41%, Astrakhan — by 12%, and in the whole of the southern Federal district — 32%. "Whether the area under potatoes in the remaining Federal districts to exceed last year's figures, now largely depends on the weather factor. Time to plant potatoes from farmers in most regions still abound," — said Kuleshov in mid-may.
According to the Produce of the Union in 2017 of industrial potato production declined slightly compared to the previous year — 6.7 million vs. 6.8 million tons a year earlier. The largest farms, which are involved in commercial potato production is located in Moscow, Bryansk, Tula, Nizhny Novgorod and Tyumen regions. According to the head of analytical Department Kirill Lashina, security of the country the potato is at the level of 91%. "It is hoped that this year the weather will allow to grow and harvest better, not in the past — continued Krasilnikov. — The volume of collection in 2017 was also good, if you take the quantitative indicators, but the quality was insufficient, as it said, and consumers and retailers".
Respondents "Agroinvestor" producers of potatoes in the main have not changed the area planted for the new crop. In "Tver the agro-industrial company" planted the same as last year, but plan to increase the collection, which are working to improve productivity, including through fertilizers. "Last fall was very rainy, so the harvest was lower than previous year's 10 kt 500 hectares this year, though spring is again lingering, we expect to collect up to 14 thousand tons", — says the General Director of the enterprise Sergey Kononykhin.
The farm "Iskra" (Novgorod region, enters in "Evrokhimservis") also does not change the area — 210 ha. "last year in the North-West was too cold and damp, this year we hope for better weather and the yield of 300-320 kg/ha — said the Director of the company Igor Lazuko. — With this result, the year can be called successful."
"Tambov farms" from year to year planted 350 ha of potatoes, short-term market changes do not affect the company's plans. "We contract with the largest company in the country producing the chips. And all the potatoes, who grow and sell it. Before landing we know how much product you'll need," — says CEO "Tambov farms" Igor Polyakov. The yield of the enterprise is also stable (about 400 kg/ha) through organized irrigation system, so that even major weather changes it is not so terrible.
AFG national took the potatoes in the Nizhny Novgorod region the same as a year ago: 950 ha used for table grapes, 450 ha of seeds. In the Rostov region of space has increased by 20 ha to 560 ha, of which 180 ha is under early varieties. Annually, all potato the company grow to 80 thousand tonnes of food, early, crisping and seed potatoes.
In "Terra De Luxe" (Tambov region), the planted area remains unchanged — each year, approximately 400 ha. In 2017 the average yield crept up to 500 kg/ha in irrigated areas. "Bother in the first place weather conditions, they are very dependent on the results of our work, — draws the attention of the development Director of the company Andrey Buhancov. On the other hand, if the weather is good, then it will be good for all, and then harvest in the country is high, and prices will drop".
Tradition was broken
In the first half of the year, potatoes are traditionally expensive due to storage costs and logistics. The peak rise in prices usually occurs in may-June, when the stocks of domestic potatoes coming to an end, says Lashin. The lowest price of potatoes is usually in the harvest season in autumn. Average price points — from 9.4 thousand rubles/ton in October to 16.7 thousand rubles per ton in June on the wholesale market and from 20.9 thousand tons to 44.8 thousand rubles/ton respectively in retail. Early potatoes is the most expensive in the spring and early summer. "To sell the products until the spring can only afford confidently standing on the feet of farmers who have their own storage," — says the expert. According to him, households that do not have stores, often sell the crop immediately after harvest to intermediaries at low prices (from 6 thousand rbl./t). Those send it to storage in the same region where they sell products for 12 thousand rubles per ton more than large suppliers (usually individual entrepreneurs driving their own trucks). They, in turn, carry the potatoes on a vegetable base, where selling it for 17 thousand rbl./t Buy this product large wholesalers who do sell potatoes to retailers for 26 thousand RUB./t. "as a result, on the shelves, we see the potatoes already 30 thousand rbl./t," said Lachine.
However, in season 2017/18, despite the reduction of collection and expected prices, manufacturers could not obtain the profit that they expected. The wholesale price of potatoes decreased by 30%, and the average annual value did not exceed 10 thousand rbl./t. This is due to the fact that due to adverse weather crop quality was low.
According to the information of the Potato Union, potato prices decreased for the fourth month in a row. The national average agriculture in mid-may cost 14-17 thousand rubles/t, which is 40-50% less than last year on the same date. "Some farmers are literally in a panic, says Krasilnikov. — At the end of this April, the price fell another ruble (from 16 thousand rubles/ton), and at the same time, in 2017, the wholesale price grew and amounted to 25-27 thousand rbl./t, then by the middle of may, the potatoes was worth 32 thousand rbl./t." According to experts, some farmers significant amounts of crops grown are simply lost in storage, not being in demand trading networks.
For almost the entire season the prices were quite high for the market level, object Kuleshov. According to the monitoring data of IKAR, the average price of domestic potatoes in the Bryansk region in 2017/18 marketing year amounted to 11.7 thousand rubles/t in 2016/17-m — 9,5 thousand rbl./t the price Peak occurred in mid-March, when average prices of producers in this region amounted to 18 thousand rubles per ton, in the Rostov region — 21 thousand rbl./t, in Nizhny Novgorod — 19 thousand rubles./t. "But in April the prices are really sharply went on the decline, confirms the expert. One of the main reasons for the fall in the value of the increased import of new crop potatoes from Egypt." The price ranged from 16 thousand rubles/ton in the port of Novorossiysk, while a year earlier it was worth 20 thousand rubles/ton or more. At the moment the sales season of domestic potatoes is almost finished, said Kuleshov in mid-may.
According to Rosselkhoznadzor, at the beginning of the second quarter of 2018 in Russia was imported 191 thousand tons of potatoes. Of them 54 thousand tons imported from Belarus (last year's harvest), about 126 thousand tons from Egypt, 4 thousand t — from Israel and 6 thousand tons from China. "The peak of supply will be in June-beginning of July, says Krasilnikov. — How much will be imported, it is difficult to say: in 2017, imported almost 800 thousand tons, of which 40% of this volume is from Belarus." For comparison, a year earlier, the import amounted to 270 thousand tons.
According to the expert, partly the excess of the mass of commodities in the market, and some overproduction is observed including as a result of the state program of agricultural development for the launch of modern potato and vegetable storages. Estimated for the period 2013-2017 years running about 1.5 million tons of new vessels, which allows to extend the retention period in compliance with a sufficient level of product quality until April-may. Accordingly, the expert explains, many farmers in the current season has decided to hold implementation until the spring, when you can get the most revenue. "But then I found myself reverse side large number of storage of goods in excess, and the price level is low," says Krasilnikov.
In the wholesale market since last fall to March, there was a traditional steady rise in prices, says Konanykhin. But in March they suddenly collapsed. "Those who invested in the potato, leave a product specifically until spring to successfully sell it, fail is the cheap potatoes from Egypt and Belarus does not raise the price of the ruble, — he complains. — If early imported potatoes brought at least a month later, it would be possible to manage to sell a large part of the commodity mass. Or if market participants warned that, for example, from may 1 to the country will be launched imported products, we would have had to navigate. And so it turned out that virtually nothing invested in storage capacity...". Also a top Manager wonders why this year's Egyptian potatoes is so cheap: shelf 25 RUB/kg.
The cost of potato in "Tver agricultural company" in the range of 6-10 thousand rubles/ton depending on the technology, weather conditions, etc. Comfortable price for the enterprise — 20 thousand RUB./ton, and to sell this season had 10-15 thousand rubles, which does not cover production risks: the likelihood of a big crop failure generally questioned the feasibility of doing business. Lachine says: the majority of the expenses in the production of potatoes accounts for seeds, fuel and lubricants, fertilizers, means of protection and energy costs as well as storage. "If not import, we would have acted as usual — South (Astrakhan oblast, Stavropol and Krasnodar Krai), supplied to the country early potatoes, and we — Northern regions — imported winter potatoes longer lies, says Konanykhin. But "stuffing" import demolish this coherent system". The decline in prices is the result of development of production, increase in the supply of potatoes, says Igor Lazuko. For his enterprise the lower possible limit is the price of 8 thousand rbl./t While taking into account the indirect costs and 10 thousand RUB./t may not be enough. "This spring is not pleased with the prices on the wholesale market from the beginning of March to mid-April, the potatoes fell by 25% (up to 14 thousand rubles per ton) — draws attention to it. But this price level yet allows you to remain within the framework of profitability".
The yield of potato business from year to year varies considerably. In 2017, the profitability, especially of small producers, was at zero or even negative, many withdrew from the market, knows Alexei Krasilnikov. Large companies, especially those that have close ties with distribution networks or sales channels in the processing plants (chips, mashed potatoes), the area is not reduced and even increased.
The company is actively working on quality products, many come to the necessary introduction of a system of permanent irrigation. "We purchased a new good seed and think about how to increase yields through fertilizers. One bad year does not affect the plans," says Konanykhin.
Farm Iskra sells potatoes large bulk, mainly in the Leningrad oblast. Like many, the company attended to the problem of storage: last year was power running at 1.5 kt, and the refrigerating chamber 700 t and 500 t. "larger Area will not be increased, the priority becomes the task of improving product quality and yield growth", — said Igor Lazuko.
For those who work without constant irrigation, climate risks are important, draws the attention of the Poles. "On the other hand, irrigation costs a lot of money, such investment few can afford," he acknowledges. According to him, the typical payback on such projects is five years. However, the profitability of irrigation, as the experience of "Tambov farms" despite significant cost increases. Stable high yield, independent of weather fluctuations, is the key to success, says head. The company grows potatoes for irrigation for about 10 years. "Those who engage in table potatoes depend highly on the market, — he commented. And our potato — chip — is fundamentally different from a table, has completely different properties, different taste. Although the technology of growing is the same, with the exception of the need for a permanent irrigation".
The company "Terra De Suite" last year launched the modern storage container type, and this has built additional irrigation. "No watering to do potatoes in the near future will be unprofitable", — thinks Andrey Buhancov. The payback period is three to five years. According to head, the cost of production of course increases, however, potato prices are volatile, with more luck irrigation can fight back for the season.
"AFG national" thanks to modern storage capacities may make the year-round cycle of supply of potatoes in Commerce. "Usually in may — early June, ends last year's crop, and in June we begin to collect early potatoes at the Rostov enterprises", — says the General Director of the holding Yury Belov. The main factors influencing the yield of potatoes, it will take seed quality and weather conditions. So, in the Rostov region the heat can exceed 40 degrees, while blowing hot air, which dries the foliage. "To reduce the dependence on weather conditions and imported seeds, we installed an irrigation system and grow all our own seed potatoes," says a top Manager. So, this year the company will construct an irrigation network in an area of 300 hectares (last year — 3.1 million hectares) in the Nizhny Novgorod region. Investments are estimated approximately in 20 million roubles. further the holding plans to expand and squares of potato, including through the acquisition of new sites and entry into circulation of fallow land.
Free now is fully your
Launched in late April at the Lipetsk plant for the production of French fries (a joint project "the White garden" and the American-Dutch Lamb Weston/Meijer) shall become an additional resource for removing excess commodity supply from the market. The company's demand for raw materials is 200 tonnes per year. At full production capacity the plant will close down imports of French fries, said Alexei Krasilnikov of the Potato Union. Previously, the product was delivered on the Russian market, mainly from Poland. Only need MacDonald's at around 50 to 55 thousand tons annually. From 2014 to the first half of 2017, Russia imported 341 thousand tons of French fries.
From 1 June 2018 to 30 June 2019, in Russia launched a voluntary experiment in the marking of the Shoe products. The corresponding decree of the Government of the Russian Federation signed on 30 may and posted on the website of the Cabinet.
According to the document, the project coordinator is the Ministry of industry and trade of the Russian Federation.
The voluntary experiment – test the mechanism of marking shoes to counter the illegal importation, production and circulation of products, increase the collection of customs and tax payments.
It is important to note that the labeling will provide an opportunity to protect the national market from illegal products, thereby supporting domestic producers and law-abiding market participants to be protected from the "competition distortion", because the system will not allow illegal goods to go on the market. The role and protection of consumer interests. Indeed, the presence of marking will allow the buyer to be sure that it acquires a legal product and therefore gets the opportunity to realize fully their rights and exercise of consumer control, -
said the state Secretary – Deputy Minister of industry and trade Viktor Evtukhov.
The representative of the Ministry stressed that the initiative for the extension of the list of labeled products come from the business community, whose representatives noted the need for distribution of marks in the first place on the shoes.
A number of companies have already expressed a desire to participate in a voluntary experiment. Thus, manufacturers can protect their brands from reputational risks associated with counterfeit products and to increase the transparency of interaction with private contractors, -
said Victor Evtukhov, Recalling that market participants already have their own variations of labels for inventory, logistics and other business operations.
The voluntary start of the experiment, according to the representative of the Ministry, will allow to assess the feasibility of transition to mandatory labeling of footwear and the performance of the system developed.
The introduction of a marking system should not entail an increase in the cost of Shoe goods from a bona fide market participants, since the development of the project particular attention is paid to ensure that this project is most fit into the existing business and technical processes -
said Victor Evtukhov.
What happens to the market legally significant electronic document flow?
What are the trends, opportunities and threats rule the world Hughes EDO? The market is not exhausted, but did not take off. We have identified three reasons for this situation.
Dmitry Patrushev was replaced with Alexander Tkachev, the head of the Ministry of agriculture
The Chairman of the Board of Rosselkhozbank Dmitry Patrushev, son of security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev, became the new Minister of agriculture, succeeding Alexander Tkachev. During the three years of his stay at the head of the Ministry of agriculture exports of agricultural products reached a record $21 billion Like its predecessor, Mr Patrushev promises to continue to address food security and to increase supplies of domestic products abroad.
Vladimir Putin on Friday appointed head of the Ministry Dmitry Patrushev, son of security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev and the current Chairman of the Board of Russian agricultural Bank (Rosselkhozbank). The new Minister has experience in the civil service — in the past he has held various positions in the Ministry of transport. Also, Mr. Patrushev was senior Vice President of VTB, 2016 he is a member of the Board of Directors of "Gazprom". In his government work will be overseen by appointed yesterday Vice-Premier Alexei Gordeyev, head of the Ministry of agriculture in 1999-2009 years.
On a post of the Minister of agriculture Dmitry Patrushev was replaced with Alexander Tkachev, who worked in this position from April 2015. Kommersant's source in the industry says that Mr. Tkachev had a long-standing desire to leave the Ministry of agriculture, but for his team, the rotation was unexpected. Other interlocutor "" adds that the former Minister would not want to work in subjection to Mr Gordeyev. When he was a Minister Aleksandr Tkachev has been an active protectionist: he advocated the extension of the existing August 2014 the food embargo, supported the ban on the import of vegetables and fruits from Turkey, accused Belarus of re-export sanctions of the products and was a supporter of the ban on the use in the production of Russian wine imported wine materials.
The head of the Institute for agricultural market Dmitry Rylko believes that Mr. Tkachev knew agriculture and gathered a strong team. So, that's when it started reorientation of Russian agriculture for export, he said. Alexander Tkachev has significantly improved the protection of the domestic market and intensified the promotion of Russian products, I agree, the head of National meat Association Sergey Yushin. As a result, he says, the volume of AgroExport in 2017 reached a record $21 billion. Executive Director of the National Union of milk producers Artem Belov adds that when Alexander Tkachev, the mechanisms of reimbursement of CAPEX and concessional lending
This allowed the dairy industry to get a plus for the production, show good profitability. The pace of construction of greenhouses under former Minister reached a record of 250 ha per year, including by subsidizing 20% of the CAPEX, is echoed by Executive Director of the National horticultural Union Mikhail Glushkov. As a result, according to him, Russia was able to fully provide itself with cucumbers and in the future, one year or two years will cover the needs in tomatoes.
As already said Mr. Patrushev, the main tasks of the Ministry of agriculture while also ensuring the country's food security, increase economic efficiency in agriculture and increase exports. According to Mr. Yushin, Dmitry Patrushev knows the state of Russian agriculture and with the work in agricultural, understands the financial position as of industry and business. "He came out of business, well aware of the strategic and current challenges and opportunities for agribusiness development",— agrees the General Director of group "Cherkizovo" Sergei Mikhailov. Kommersant's source in the industry draws attention to the fact that Mr Patrushev — a rather closed figure and sign, apparently, only to those market participants who worked with RAB.
From the new head of the Ministry Sergey Yushin forward to continuing the fight against African swine fever and other dangerous animal diseases that are a major obstacle to the exit of Russian products to new markets. Mr. Belov reminds us that unresolved issues remain with the supply of dairy products from Belarus, the price regulation of the internal market and adulteration, the presence of which adversely affects demand. Mr Glushkov believes that the Ministry of agriculture should pay more attention to the development of wholesale distribution centres, warehouses and industrial processing facilities. Without this, he warns, it will be impossible to meet the new "may decree" of the President to increase non-oil exports to $250 billion.
Respondents ' b ' market participants believe that the Ministry of agriculture will leave and some former deputies of Mr. Tkachev, including the first Deputy Jambulat hatuova. The representative of the Ministry of agriculture on the issue of changes in management did not respond. Kommersant's sources believe that the new place of work mister Tkachev could become a post of presidential envoy in the southern Federal district (today it is Vladimir Ustinov). "The decision has actually been made"— says one of the sources. Of agriculture Alexander Tkachev will remain. His family owned one of the largest Russian agroholdings — agro them. N. I. Tkachev (engaged in crop production, poultry farming, pig breeding, meat and dairy cattle breeding, processing, etc.). In 2017 agro behalf Tkachev received 46.7 billion RUB of revenue and 640 thousand hectares became the fourth landowner in Russia BEFL.
Buckwheat production sets record after record. The proposal significantly exceeds consumption. The export is small. Stocks at the end of the current season may be almost sufficient to meet the needs of the market in the new agricultural year.
Buckwheat production in September-April, kt
Excess supply led to an unprecedented decline in prices for buckwheat and buckwheat. However, the second half of April prices began to gradually change. Price drop to link production to a halt. Moreover, many producers of buckwheat began to raise prices on their products. In wholesale companies also noted the rise in prices.
The main reason is the rise in prices of raw materials. Holders of buckwheat do not want to use it on severely falling prices that do not provide even the minimum yield. So, in the Altai region in late March - early April, the purchase price of buckwheat down to 5.0-5.5 thousand rubles per ton, and in the second half of may, with a/C manufacturers offer it is not cheaper than the 7.5-7.7 thousand RUB/t.
It should be noted, however, that the customers generally were not willing to purchase buckwheat at the increased prices, given the extremely high saturation of the market with these grains.
Dynamics of prices for buckwheat, RUB/t with VAT
In the new season, an important factor in the development of the price situation will be the size of crops of buckwheat. It would be logical from the side of agricultural producers in the current year to significantly reduce them.
In the sphere of grain exports from Russia – a success that is rare in recent times amid the usual trouble in other areas. Planned in the current agricultural year (until July 2018) export 52 million tons of grain will be 46.5% higher than in the previous year (€35.5 million)., the Ministry of agriculture. Wheat improvement is even more significant – up to 40 million tonnes from 27.1 million tonnes, that is, by 47.6%. In this culture we are already ahead of USA that sell to export about 26 million tonnes, Although the total grain exports lag behind States with rate of about 80 million tonnes, but their exports of corn prevails. In wheat, Russia holds 22% of the world market, the EU -14%, 13%.
Success is associated with a record harvest of grain, amounting to 134,1 million tonnes by the end of 2017, and considerable reserves of approximately $ 32 million tonnes, 16% more than a year ago.
It is worth noting that this situation is combined with restrictions on harvest due to climatic conditions in the United States, Australia, and France. Therefore, a large physical volume of export from Russia is a happy combination of the rise in world wheat prices. Thus, the export price in mid-April 2018 was $ 208 dollars per ton of wheat, and by the end of April to $ 214, according to the Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR). Thus, if the rough calculation take the price of 200 dollars, the revenue from wheat exports could reach 8-10 billion dollars per year. Furthermore, it should be borne in mind that the dollar / ruble exchange rate rose from 56 to 58 RUB past fall and winter to above 60 rubles in April-may 2018. This further increases the export revenue from the sale of grain.
By the end of 2018 is expected to harvest 110-115 million tons of grain, which is about 14% lower than the record 2017, Carryover stocks will probably also be less, because the current volume will go for export, which is beneficial in such a foreign environment. Therefore, the export potential of the next crop year while it is difficult to determine.
But there are certain nuances and the reality of today's grain market. The increase in exports and high export prices are creating upward pressure on the domestic procurement prices. The paradox is that at extremely high crop prices in the country are not reduced, and more increased, according to IKAR. However, to worry about the retail prices for bread is not necessary. It is socially significant products, the pricing of which is tightly controlled by antitrust and other services. Therefore, price increases above the General inflation level of 2.5-3% will not.
22 may, first Deputy Minister of agriculture of Russia Dzhambulat Hatuov held a meeting with experts of the grain market on balance sheets of grain in the regions the forecasts for the harvest and export plans for the crop year 2018/2019. Dzhambulat Hatuov was briefed experts on the situation on the grain market of the country and the volumes of carryover grain in the regions.
"The heads of regional agriculture and representatives of the business community now is the time to meet with each grain exporter, to the end of July to get the full picture for exports in the region in 2018. This will allow to plan the necessary logistics, to synchronize the actions of all market participants", - wizardinput house. The Director of the Department of economy, investments and regulation of agricultural markets Anatoly Kuchenkaiser, what is the understanding on export plans already exists in the Central Federal district and encouraged other regions to expedite the collection and analysis of necessary information.
The experts were of the opinion that you should stick to conservative forecast for the harvest in 2018, defining it at the level of 110 million tons of grain, largely due to difficult weather conditions the sowing campaign. This crop, however, will ensure that the volume of exports is only slightly below the previous calendar year. The meeting was attended by the General Director of the Institute for agricultural market studiesDmitry Rylko, Director of the external relations Department of the Russian grain Union Oleg Malofeyev, President of the National Association of exporters of agricultural productively Balan, Executive Director of the National Union of grain producers Michael Privezentsev.
May 23, 2018 national commodity exchange (part of the Group of companies "Moscow Exchange") is launching its first auction of the new underlying Soybean (GOST 17109-88). Participants will be asked three types of classification of soybeans on the basis of protein content (protein) in the actual humidity. When determining the parameters was carried out detailed consultation with community experts, oil and fat Union of Russia and a major market operators. AO NTB will implement trades in the deliverable forward contracts and swap contracts on soybeans, providing for the settlement of transactions from three days.
"We run auctions of new goods only at the request of market participants. Initiated the launch of trading of soy on the stock Exchange became fat-and-oil Union, with the participation of farmers in Amur region. Direct implementation of the project was made possible with the support of our strategic partners, as well as the analytical support agencies Prozerno and ICARUS. At the initial stage, we do not expect record net sales for producers of soybean stock tool is relatively new, however, hope that the exchange trading of the crop in the current year will increase the liquidity, which allows buyers and sellers to provide the best prices for buying and selling", - noted Sergey Kiselev, head of the commodity market of OJSC Moscow Exchange.
As stressed by the Executive Director of the oil and fat Union of Russia Mikhail Maltsev: "the commencement of trading in the soybeans is the first step in the launch of the exchange trading oilseeds. Exchange trade will allow domestic oil market to become more transparent and less volatile. In addition, trading participants will have a unique opportunity short-term loans secured by cash balances on interbank rates online. The list of options, forward contracts on soybeans is formed, players can go to the Exchange. In the process of elaboration of the project takes into account all suggestions and recommendations received from market participants.
Oilseeds have a high demand and consolidated creditworthy consumers, therefore, can become the locomotive of development of exchange trade of agricultural products in Russia. I am sure that we quickly pass the first stage, and in the near future, in addition to soybeans, the composition of the underlying assets will include sunflower and rapeseed".
"The launch of this project the Moscow stock exchange more brings our country to a civilized market of oilseeds, providing transparency of this market, its efficiency and ability to avoid many risks, including the fulfillment of obligations for both buyers and sellers of soybeans. Especially, in my opinion, important is the fact that when working through the stock exchange buyers of the product will disappear of the tax risks related to VAT," commented the Director of the Department of trade management company "Sodruzhestvo" Sergey Sokolovsky.
At the initial stage of the exchange auctions will be held with a single delivery basis OOO "Bureisk HPP", which is the first accredited basis throughout the far East. In the future we plan to expand the geography of trading by connecting accredited delivery bases in other regions.
Sergei Zasukhin, General Director of "DVTK", said: "the Use of exchange instruments in agriculture of the Amur region, it is advisable for the further development of open and transparent agricultural market, providing primarily agricultural and is guaranteed to effectively implement them grown agricultural products to consumers in the region and beyond, to eliminate tax risks, to interact only with bona fide market participants to regularly meet its obligations as a taxpayer, to provide the most comfortable service for obtaining financial resources to carry out field work. Also, has a positive value for the effective market circulation of agricultural products in the region, growth of investment attractiveness of the agricultural sector in Amur region, attracting in the region of the investment funds as the Russian foreign enterprise development in TED and increase export transactions by direct importers in the first place of China to the organized trading for the acquisition of agricultural products produced in the Amur region".
The Russian market of industrial IOT in the next three years should show a threefold increase — from 93 billion to 270 billion rubles expected by analysts. The development of the hinder segment of the high cost of such projects and the immaturity of the market. However, the latter has decided the issue of cybersecurity: a large number of devices in the Internet of things made real risks of hacking companies, threatening a big financial loss.
The volume of Russian market of industrial Internet of things (Industrial Internet of Things IIoT) in 2017 reached 93 billion rubles., estimated by the analytical center TAdviser and the state Corporation "rostec". According to their forecast, in 2020, its volume will increase to 270 billion rubles. IIoT To include equipment, robotic systems, sensors and platforms, infrastructure and network integration and other services. Almost 50% of respondents cited investment in this sector has grown over the last year. The majority of the companies that have already started such projects, plans to increase investments in IIoT in 2018-2019 at least 15-20%.
Inhibits the penetration IIoT primarily the high cost of such projects, as reported by 76% of the companies. Raise concerns and security issues, analysts say. Thus, according to the European Union Agency for network and information security (ENISA), the incidents with the devices of the Internet of things are the three threats with the greatest financial damage. Among other negative factors the interviewees referred to the low level of IIoT solutions offered by Russian companies, as well as the lack of regulatory framework, uniform requirements and standards.
Industrial enterprise while at the primary level of implementation of the projects IIoT, according to analysts. So, sensors in the industrial Internet covers less than 30% of equipment from more than 60% of the respondents. At the same time plans to increase this share in the next year or two represent about a third of respondents. The revitalization of the market should help support the state, in particular the state programme "Digital economy", the authors of the report.
Some have created laboratories and centers for testing and implementation of IIoT. For example, General Electric signed an agreement to establish a joint venture based on the introduction of the industrial Internet, "Sibintek", subsidiary of "Rosneft". Joint innovation laboratory was opened in NLMK and SAP to develop scenarios with the use of new technologies, including the Internet of things.
In "Rostelecom" noted the need for businesses to IIoT.
Not all solutions in the industrial Internet is expensive and can be done with minimal cost, otherwise emasculated the idea IIoT, he said. Safety yet provides the fact that the market is still in the formative stage: if today were implemented many IIoT devices, there would be a real threat to hacking the industrial enterprises, said Mr. Slyn'kiv.
Major players in the market IIoT "Rostelecom" calls himself and other major operators. In recent years, technological solutions used in construction, industrial production, agriculture, where you can select solutions from major vendors, including Microsoft and Intel, adds the Director of the industrial solutions of the company "KROK" Vyacheslav Maksimov.
© Newspaper "Kommersant" №85 from 21.05.2018
The centre for strategic developments (TSSR) released proposals for regulation of alternative Finance market in p2p loans, crowdfunding, ICO. CSR experts believe in "new money" as a future major source of venture financing of the projects see them as a potential site for a massive investment does not involve the absorption system players and considered risks for the Russian Federation and the abandonment of market regulation, preventive and protective regulation that predispose the Central Bank and the Finance Ministry.
The CSR report "New tools of attracting financing for the development of technology companies: current practice and prospects for development in Russia", prepared under the direction of the Vice President of TSSR Vladimir Knyaginin, center staff, LLC "Venchurklab" and Nizhny Novgorod branch of the HSE, on the proposals of the centre in respect of "new money" alternative financial instruments as defined in the report — "a set of tools in the form of platform-based solutions kradennogo that allows you to raise funds for the development of innovative and fast growing projects."
And in the definition and in the title of the report, in fact, already determined the main idea of the text — report quite calmly FINTECH as a phenomenon at the intersection of social and economic development and considers the "new money" as a new type of investment for technology startups.
The authors believe kradennogo funding is by nature different from traditional Finance, suggest that "the projects of the new economy and Industry 4.0 does not fit the standards of traditional financial institutions," and consider the ways in which there are alternative Finance and FINTECH now, stable for a sufficiently long period so I consider it necessary to formulate proposals on the regulation of this market for Russia.
CSR suggests that the best way to regulate how market knowdledge (debt financing in the digital platforms) and a mass of small investments in small startups (credinvest), crowdfunding (raising donations for the project), ICO is self-regulation through SROs, support platforms, SKOLKOVO Foundation, ASI, FRII, RVC, VEB and Fund of assistance to innovation, the introduction of hard law principle of crowdfunding All Or Nothing team, attracting createheader funds for the project must either collect the funds and invest them in him, or return the money to investors, borrowers or donors. In addition, I suggest to the CSR, the specific risks of such investment, including in the ICO, must be explicitly declared.
Interesting assessment, given the market over the 2014-2017: it's 40 thousand credinvest who have invested in it RUB 3.4 bln RUB 0.9 bn of funds raised by startups, 870 business projects and 1 thousand new jobs. The authors suggest the market growth of up to 1.4 billion RUB in 2020, venture capital investments in 2018-2020 at this scheme 2.5 thousand technology companies (from 9.5 thousand projects in General), 15 billion rubles of additional taxes. The authors concluded that only in 2014 passed their money through krautblatter 0.9 million people or 0.6% of the population.
On behalf of the government regulation of krautblatter are developing in the Ministry of Finance (as of interproekt — CB), and gospodjica are less liberal than in the CSR report. Note, however, that the authors of the report proceed from the predetermined trajectory of market development "new money", while development of this sector the big players in the world and in Russia may change drastically in the coming years.
© Newspaper "Kommersant" №86 from 22.05.2018
On the website of the journal "problems of forecasting" published an article Mikheeva O. M. and Sal'nikova, V. A., "forecasting Models of prices on the Moscow residential real estate market"
In the article the results of modeling of the mechanism of pricing in the residential real estate market (on the example of Moscow). Identified key factors influencing monthly and year-to-year dynamics of real estate prices; assessing their quantitative implications using regression analysis. The close dependence of the price on the property from changes of the dollar against the ruble within a monthly model with a distributed lag. Year on year model the best explanatory power of factors such as the dynamics of oil prices Urals and the change of the average cost of purchased construction companies basic materials, parts and structures in the current year. The study also proposed a new indicator, approximately, according to the authors, the propensity to savings high-income groups.
The article was published in the journal "problems of forecasting", No. 1, 2018