Rosselkhoznadzor began mass checks of the Kuban and Rostov ports
The Federal service for veterinary and phytosanitary surveillance informed about the possible suspension of about 30 companies — owners of loading of sites of the grain in the Kuban and in the Rostov region, with which there is a shipment of grain for export. In the Krasnodar region during the week of the test will be held on 21 site. Experts consider that thus the state tries to restrain the growth of grain exports.
In the Krasnodar territory and Rostov region, the Rosselkhoznadzor has started inspection of phytosanitary status of the place of shipment of grain from 30 companies, all located in ports. On Kuban it is 21 platform with each of their goods are shipped for export, explained "Kommersant-Kuban" the press-Secretary of management of Federal service on veterinary and fytosanitory supervision across Krasnodar Krai and Republic of Adygea Ekaterina Chernetsova. Two of them were already found violations that led to large-scale inspections. On measures taken against violators, the press service of the Ministry reported.
"The Rosselkhoznadzor is concerned about a quarantine phytosanitary condition of the places of shipment of grain. In particular, during inspections the inspectors have identified the spillage of grain and quarantine weeds, lack of integrity of the coatings of the territory, the absence in most places of equipment for the deprivation of the vitality of quarantine pests",— said Ms. Chernetsova.
In the event of violations, perpetrators will be brought to administrative responsibility: a fine and suspension of activities of a legal person for a period up to 90 days, the Department said. According to the source "-Kuban" in the regional Rosselkhoznadzor, the real practice of closing businesses for a certain period in recent years, the region has not been applied.
The main exports of Russian grain have been shipped from the Krasnodar territory and the Rostov region, reported in the regional Rosselkhoznadzor. On the Agency's website notes that "given the claims of the countries-importers of Russian grain because of the identification it of quarantine pests, the service instructed its regional offices to strengthen control over the condition of the places of shipment and a re-examination of the place of shipment of grain in these regions."
With the position of the Rosselkhoznadzor does not agree, the head of the grain direction of the Institute for agricultural market Oleg Sukhanov: "I Think these tests with additional requirements of importers are not connected. Last year we exported nearly 54 million tonnes of grain, including corn, barley, legumes. If there were serious problems with the quality, we would like this volume didn't sell. In terms of price and quality of Russian grain on the world market almost has no analogues".
Oleg Sukhanov suggests that testing would force the traders to slow down exports. "3A July-September was removed about 15.5 million tons of grain, and painless rate of export discussed at sulemaniyah in the Ministry of agriculture - 30 million tons. Of course, the same ports and the Ministry of agriculture would be calmer and simpler if we export not ended in December, albeit at a slow pace continued until March-April. If the rate will remain the same, will have to take action, for example, to impose duties", - said Mr. Sukhanov.
Such semi-formal, non-obvious measures like checking of the Rosselkhoznadzor, slow down exports, he said. "Even the announcement of inspections makes traders to seriously consider whether to enter into new contracts to act long-term, because nobody knows what will happen tomorrow," said Oleg Sukhanov.
Previously, "Kommersant" wrote that at the end of August about the possible introduction of export duties on grain of its members, warned the national Association of exporters of agricultural products (NAESP). According to the NAESP, the Ministry of agriculture estimates the total exports from July 2018 to June 2019 at the level of 30 million tons, 25 million tons of wheat. If these figures are exceeded, the Ministry of agriculture can initiate the introduction of export duties.
The export duty for wheat existed in Russia from July 2015 to 23 September 2016. In October 2015, her size was at 50% of the customs value minus 6,5 thousand rubles per ton, but not less than 10 rubles per ton. Today to set a zero duty on wheat exports until July 1, 2019.
Last year Russia exported 40 million tonnes of wheat is, in turn, had an impact even on the market of agricultural products in the United States. And this state of Affairs does not suit all players. Recently, The Wall Street Journal published an article in which he accused the Russian grain, which are exported to the USA, reducing the welfare of American farmers.
"Such success in the export of wheat, we went for many years, - said the General Director of the Institute for agricultural market studies Dmitry Rylko told "Evening Moscow". Last year he reached the maximum, this will be slightly below, but still we on this indicator will probably stay in the first place".
In his opinion, the fact that such news actively covered in the American media, can become a new impetus for the introduction of new sanctions against Russia. The expert noted that U.S. agricultural markets threatens not only Russian grain.
"Yes, wheat production in America suffers from it, and Russia is one of the main reasons. But not only that. Except us in recent years, wheat exports have increased, countries such as Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Romania. They made the US position even more problematic," - said the expert.
Meanwhile, the domestic success experts primarily attributed to the fact that the state ceased to interfere in the activities of farmers, on the contrary, began to provide them with substantial support. Moreover, living technology brought and entered in the agricultural sector and private business.
It is worth noting that this year the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation plans to 105 million tons of grain. Previously installed in 45 million tons of grain a preliminary Outlook for exports in 2018-2019 slightly reduced at 35-37 million tons. Also, according to analysts, in September, grain exports may reach 4.6 million tons, this level is only slightly inferior to the same period last year.
Gorki, September 24. – Dmitry Medvedev signed the Strategy for the development of the forest complex of the Russian Federation until 2030 (hereinafter - the Strategy), introduced by the Ministry of industry and trade of the Russian Federation.
The strategy aims to increase competitiveness of forest industry, increase the contribution of forestry sector to socio-economic development of the country, efficient use, conservation, protection and reproduction of forests through sustainable forest management.
The main directions of the Strategy – the development of export-oriented production of pulp, production growth containerboard and hygiene products for the domestic market, the development focused equally on the domestic market and for export production of sawnwood, plywood and Board industries, furniture, wood building.
Speaking at a meeting with Deputy Prime Ministers on the development of the forest industry, Dmitry Medvedev said that the Strategy laid mechanisms to create a modern high-tech forest industry, aimed at deep processing of wood
By 2030, in line with the strategy, you should experience not one but a whole group of competitive industries. The strategy also contains measures that will contribute to environmental management, - said the head of Government.
The head of the Ministry of industry and trade Denis Manturov pointed out the trend that became a priority when designing the document. According to him, by 2030 it is planned to increase in global demand for pulp at the rate of 17 million tons per year, and Russia can become stronger in this market by creating a new pulp and paper capacity. In addition, there are prospects for increasing the volume of production of sanitary-hygienic products, since the annual growth in consumption is 6%, and by 2030, according to forecasts, it will increase by 2.5 times.
In addition, the most important direction of development of the industry is the development of wooden housing construction and recycling wood waste into biofuels.
As a result of the implementation of the Strategy by 2030, it is expected that the growth of value added by enterprises of the industry will amount to RUB 676 billion in constant prices, the contribution of the forest complex in GDP will grow from 0.5% to 1.0%. The number of staff employed in the forestry sector, will grow from 500 to 820 thousand people, and the tax revenues will increase from 91 to 189 billion rubles., - said Denis Manturov.
The order of September 20, 2018 No. 1989-R on approval of the Strategy was published on the official website of the Government of the Russian Federation: http://static.government.ru/media/files/cA4eYSe0MObgNpm5hSavTdIxID77KCTL.pdf
Record grain exports from Russia became the reason of bankruptcy of companies in the U.S.
American farmers are suffering losses due to the growth of export of Russian grain, according to The Wall Street Journal. In the United States rose more farms. Moreover, their withdrawal from the market happening at a pace that has not been observed since the 1980s, wrote the American daily business newspaper. The reasons for the publication sees record grain harvest in the Russian Federation.
Meanwhile, Russia is quite able to build on their success, sure of our experts. But to increase overseas supplies of grain we will be exclusively taking into account the interests of the internal market, they believe. I strongly advise the Russian agricultural authorities.
In the past crop year, which ended on 30 June 2018, Russia has collected a record harvest grain in the amount of 135,4 million tons and exported over 40 million tons of wheat. Compared to the previous year the foreign supply has doubled. Our country is already the second time becomes the leader. The first time it happened in 2016. A major competitor of Russia on the world grain market is the United States.
Undermines the U.S. position in a trade war with China and other countries. In particular, China has imposed duties of 25 percent on U.S. products, including wheat. If the biggest importers of wheat will impose retaliatory duties on U.S. grain, Russia's position in this market strengthened even more fear in the United States. About it writes The Wall Street Journal. The advantage of Russian grain is not only its price but also quality, which has grown in recent years, say U.S. analysts. The last remark is especially valuable because some time the quality of our grain was not particularly stand out. But since competitors already recognize - it's worth it.
Russia will continue to strengthen its positions on the world grain market, the Russian expert said. This year, according to forecasts of the Ministry of agriculture, the expected grain harvest in the amount of 105 million tons. While exports are expected to go to about 30 million tons of wheat.
But we need to take into account the situation on the domestic market, experts say.
Russian grain producers are in the grip: costs are rising, and the cost of goods within the country remains the same, says the President of the Russian grain Union Arkady Zlochevskiy. However, the industry helped just export.
"In 2014, came the sanctions that brought down the ruble. As a result, Russian grain began to compete not only with the us. In the Egyptian market we pressed the French and the Romanians", he said.
Now the problems with the profitability of wheat production, at least in the regions of export-oriented, not, agrees the head of the grain direction of the Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) Oleg Sukhanov. But on the other hand, consolidating its status as a world supplier of grain, in addition, Russia is dependent on foreign markets.
This year, domestic grain prices are higher than the previous year, as increased world prices, the ruble fell, and the grains will collect less, says Sukhanov. The result could increase the cost of food within the country. For example, the price of pork has gradually grow, he said. To further push the growth of prices may be the desire of traders to limit the sale of grain on the domestic market for profitable export. "In conditions of declining national currency, the grain suppliers are interested to stay "in the product" and not in rubles. That is, they will hold the grain," says Sukhanov.
American analysts fear that Russian grain will continue to displace corn from USA
The price of Russian grain is lower than that of other competitor countries. But we are not engaged in dumping, underlines the General Director of the analytical center "Prozerno" Vladimir Petrichenko. Rather, from other suppliers - the French, the Americans - seed is very expensive due to high costs. Especially in this season of expensive grain from Australia, said the expert.
As for quality, many of our experts in their assessments of stricter American. They believe that the problem is far from exhausted. And the fascination with exports leads to the consolidation of the production of wheat of the fourth class.
Now it is at least 50 percent of the total. However, not all analysts share these concerns.
The Russian classification differs from the world. We got to the fourth class includes a wide range of wheat with indicators of protein content from 10.5% to 12.5%, says Vladimir Petrichenko. In the end grain with a lower protein content comes to countries where requirements are lower, for example in Bangladesh and the high protein in Egypt, but all the grain of the fourth class. "We produce wheat of the quality that the buyers want," he says. Russian farmers are not interested to purposely reduce the quality of the wheat, agrees Oleg Sukhanov. In fact, he adds, the Russian wheat of the fourth class the quality is not inferior and even superior to most similar products from other countries. In addition, about 20-30 percent of the total, Russia produces wheat of the third class. In the last two years was a slight decrease in grain quality due to the weather, admits the expert. But in General, the level of technology, amount of applied fertilizers, means of protection of plants from year to year. So the quality of grain will grow, says Sukhanov.
And Russia will increase grain exports, Zlochevsky said. It has to resources. Obtained on world markets, the profits of Russian grain allows farmers to invest in production development.
Our main interest of Russia is not the China that consumes grain not so much. "We are now fighting for India, Sri Lanka, Philippines. Especially important to Indonesia, which will soon become a grain buyer number one on the world market", - says Petrichenko.
As for the growth of food prices in the country, for their containment needs balance. "The state in some years, subsidized the transportation of grain within the country. This year, while the market looks quite steady, perhaps, some additional measures of the state do not need," says Sukhanov.
Meanwhile, the financing of the program of development of agriculture in 2022-2025 years in Russia can be allocated is 1.7 trillion rubles, provided in the updated draft programme. Including allocations from the Federal budget makes 1,5 trillion rubles. Thus, the state program provides two options indicators the purpose of the document: baseline and target.
In case of preservation of volumes of resource provision of the programme at the level of 2018, the growth rate of exports of agricultural products in 2025 will be 120,8 percent by 2017. If funding will be increased by 696 billion, exports of agriculture in 2025 will grow 2.2 times to figures for 2017.
Agricultural exports should reach $45 billion a year
Federal project "the Export of agricultural products" was presented by the Deputy Minister of agriculture Sergey Levin September 20. "Vedomosti" has seen a copy of the presentation, the correctness of the information confirmed by three participants of the event. The representative of the Ministry of agriculture did not respond to a request.
Agricultural exports should increase more than 2 times to $45 billion by 2024, required by the may decree of President Vladimir Putin. The Federal project will be submitted to the government before October 1, said the representative of the Ministry of agriculture. Updated the state program of agricultural development in 2013-2025 gg., which should include the project, the Ministry of agriculture will submit to the government before the end of the year, said earlier the Minister of agriculture Dmitry Patrushev.
The necessary additional funding for the Federal project – 696 billion rubles, stated in the explanatory note to the draft of the new national program posted on regulation.gov.ru the Finance Ministry has already confirmed the possibility of providing an additional 350 billion rubles in 2019-2024. for this purpose.
Grain, oil and fish
Most of the agricultural production goes to export cereals, as the Ministry of agriculture expects: 1.5 times more than in 2017, to $11.4 billion in 2024 Is modest plans, a possible increase in 2 and more times, the Director of the analytical centre "Sovekon" Andrey Sizov. In Russia the last three years, record crops and export crops. Traditional consumers – Egypt, Turkey, Bangladesh, etc.; the population of these countries is growing, and Russia will continue to play a significant role in supplying them with grain. There are promising markets, where Russia is limited, such as Algeria or Saudi Arabia, but the requirement to import grain do not allow to enter the Russian exporters, Sizov describes.
Exports of oil products will increase according to the plans of the Ministry of agriculture 2.8 times by 2024, or up to $8.6 billion Is quite possible, said Sizov, oil and oilseeds – the fastest-growing global markets, Russia and they have played an important role, for example, it is the main supplier of Turkey (about 0.5 million tonnes per year). In the future, the export of oilseeds will continue to grow: primarily soybean and canola in China and the same China and India, where growing demand for Russian products, the expert continues.
Exports of fish and seafood is expected to increase almost twice and reach to 2024 $8.5 billion Vice-President of the Fisheries Association Alexey Aronov logic is unclear: on the one hand, officials say the need to provide the internal market with fish, and with another – considerable growth of exports, at the same time it do not work. Now Russia exports 1.7 million tons of fish (one third of the production. – "Vedomosti").
Russia has good trade raw materials – grain, oilseeds, fish oil, sunflower oil: there are well-established markets, consistently high and competitive production and future growth, said Sizov. Russia exports cheap and imports expensive, picks up the CEO of the Institute for agricultural market Dmitry Rylko: 2017 1 ton of imported products cost an average $1300, 1 ton exported – $312.
Meat and dairy breakthrough
The biggest breakthrough is expected in meat and dairy products, the Ministry of agriculture has combined them into one category. Export sales expected to grow by 2024 4.4-fold and reach $2.8 billion.
Export of dairy products is relatively small – $300 million, or about 3% of production (700 000 t in terms of milk), says the Executive Director of Soyuzmoloko Artem Belov: 90% of exports go to CIS. Until 2024 to really bring exports up to $800 million, he believes, will grow the supply in the CIS and far abroad – to China and South-East Asia. In China, knows Belov, there is a demand for cheese, milk powder, whey powder, yoghurt, dairy desserts, etc. In the domestic market demand is unstable, and the production of commercial milk industry is growing at 2-3% per year. The development of exports will stabilize the situation, says Belov, the producers will not be so dependent on fluctuations in domestic demand.
On the basis of "Vedomosti" on the basis of the data of the Ministry of agriculture the export of meat products will grow 4 times to reach by 2024 is about $2 billion In 2017, Russia exported about 300,000 tons of meat and meat products by $500 million, like the head of Executive Committee of National meat Association Sergey Yushin. The growth of meat exports will depend on the negotiations of Russia with other countries, so they opened markets like China, Middle East, Central Asia and North Africa, he continues, and the fate of the negotiations depends largely on the solution to the problem of animal disease – African swine fever and avian influenza. Pig and poultry facilities built in the last 10 years, enough to increase production for exports – provided the markets open.
Difficult finished products
2.5 times in 2024 will increase the export of products of food and processing industry to $8.6 billion, predicts the Ministry of agriculture. Now ready food commodities Russia sells vegetable oils, pastries, sausage, cereals, canned food, mostly to CIS countries, says Rylko, export to non-CIS countries is in its infancy. Developed countries, including USA and Europe, mastered foreign markets of finished products via direct investments in the commercial network, promoting through them the brands of their countries. Russian retail does not invest abroad, so the finished product will advance difficult, says Rylko.
In the long term can increase the demand for Russian products in South-East Asia, China, Africa, he continues, and it is necessary to focus primarily on the production of minimum processing – flour, frozen fish fillets, oil in bulk. Some branded products too, there is the prospect of confectionery products, Packed vegetable oil, ice cream, etc., but high hopes for them place is not worth it, says Rylko. Indeed, the processed products need to be promoted, to create a unique product, which is demanded in foreign markets, according to Sizov. In the absence of a developed domestic market to invent and promote artificially established export brands, too complex and expensive task, he concludes.
Moscow, 3 Aug - "to Lead.Economy." Russia from January till may of current year has increased export of agricultural products to $9.5 billion, more than 2017 for the period at $2.2 billion, or 29.2%, reported today the Ministry of agriculture.
The main exported products, as in the previous year, steel grains, fish and seafood, and products of oil and fat industry.
Wheat exports for this period amounted to 17.1 million tonnes worth $3.1 billion, exceeding the indicators 2017 1.7%, or $1.3 billion, the Main importer of Russian wheat was Egypt, which increased the volume of purchases by 22.2%, to 4.3 million tons.
2.4 times increase in procurement of wheat from Turkey (2 million tons), 3.4 times from Latvia (up to 539 thousand tonnes), more than 19-fold increase procurement from Vietnam (to 1.66 million tons).
Soybean oil exports rose 7.3% to 242 thousand tonnes, rapeseed oil – 42% to 135,7 thousand tons, soybeans – 2.5% to 509 thousand tons.
Continued to develop emerging in 2017, the trend of increasing exports of chocolate confectionery products in January-may, exported 78 thousand tons in the amount of $222 million, which is more than in the same period of 2017 to 30.1% (an increase of 26.5% in cash). Leaders in import of chocolate confectionery products of the Russian production are Kazakhstan, which accounted for 20.6% of Russian exports to Belarus, which accounted for 10,9% of Russian exports, China, which accounted for 11.4% of Russian exports.
Russia in 2018 will increase exports of agricultural products by 16.9% to $24.2 billion compared with $20.7 billion in 2017, predicted earlier the Ministry of agriculture. But by 2025, the Russian agricultural industry can increase exports to $45 billion.
As reported "Vesti.Economy," the export of foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials from Russia to 2017 has increased by 21.1% compared to the previous year and amounted to $20.7 billion, the Share of foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials in total exports last year amounted to 5.8%. One third of food exports accounted for grain and products of milling industry. 75% of the export of foodstuffs in terms of value ($15.9 billion) was in foreign countries. The largest buyers of products of the Russian agriculture in the last year were Egypt ($1.78 bn), Turkey ($1.78 bn), China ($1.77 billion) and South Korea ($1.46 billion).
High rates persist due to the early start of harvesting and a large rolling stocks
In July 2018, Russia may export 3.1 million tonnes or more of grain. That's at least 400 thousand tonnes more than the record for that month index established last year. This was reported by "the Agroinvestor" head of the analytical center of "Rusagrotrans" Igor Pavensky. According to specified data, including the export of wheat may be about 2 million tons, barley — 700-750 thousand tons, corn — 350 thousand tons
In the beginning of the month forecast centre was at the level of July last season was 2.7 million tonnes. "However, the current performance of the shipment at the deep-water port indicate the growth of exports for July last year," said Pavensky. The intensification of exports this month, according to experts, associated with high reserves after record harvest of grain last season, and a record pace of harvest in the southern regions.
"Sovekon" estimates grain exports in July are even higher — at the level of 3.3 million tonnes, including 2.2 million MT of wheat. "The high pace of exports associated with the early start of harvest, which is ahead of average rates for two weeks", — explained analysts of the center. Against the background of strong demand the average export price of Russian wheat in the past week, according to "SovEcon" increased by $1.5 to $198/ton (FOB deep-sea ports, 12.5% protein). "The prices for Russian wheat are tightened to the prices of supplies from other regions", — stated in the message. The Ministry of agriculture on 12 July recorded a growth of export prices for Russian wheat of the 4th class $1 to $200/t.
In the coming months, the export of grain will also go quickly, Pavensky predicts. "In the next few months of the season exports will probably remain at or slightly below last year due to relatively high export prices, which we expect will exceed last year's levels, perhaps by $15-20/MT on expectations for the first time in six seasons, falling global production and stocks of wheat," Pavensky said. The positive impact on the growth of shipments have increased opportunities infrastructure after the previous season, when the monthly Russian exporters set record after record. According to the operative data of the FCS last season in 2017/18, Russia exported 52.4 million tons of grain agricultural crops, which is 47 per cent higher than in the last agricultural year and was a record figure for the country. Including shipment of wheat for the season increased by 1.5 times to 40.4 million tonnes, barley — doubled to 5.8 million tonnes, maize — 11% to 5.8 million tonnes In the first 11 days of the new season shipments abroad increased compared with the same period last year by 1.9% to 1.1 mln tons, including wheat exports grew by 2.7% to 676 thousand tonnes, barley — 2.7% to 281 thousand tons, corn — declined by 42 per cent to 125 thousand tons. according to "Sovekon" high export rates at the start of the season means high competition between exporters, which should be to support prices on the domestic market.
Just a new season-2018/19 grain exports from Russia will be 41-43 million tons, predicts the analytical center of "Rusagrotrans". "Sovekon" in the beginning of the month estimated the export in the coming season at 47.2 million tonnes, including 36.9 million tons of wheat. The Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) expects shipments of around 41 million t, including 32.5 million tonnes of wheat, when the gross grain harvest in at 112.8 million tonnes, the USDA predicts that grain exports from Russia in the season 2018/19 at the level of 42.4 million tonnes, including 34 million MT of wheat. Compared to the completed marketing year, the export of wheat will decrease by 17%, however, Russia will remain the world leader on this indicator. The Russian agriculture Ministry estimates grain exports in the new season of 40-45 million tonnes while grain yield to 100 million tons
INTERFAX - Count on the fact that the export of grain this agricultural year (July 2018-June 2019) will be supported by carryover stocks, not worth it. It is necessary to hope mainly for a new crop, the General Director of the Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) Dmitry Rylko.
"Calculations show that, despite the enormous crop of last year (135.4 million tonnes - if), carryover stocks of grain at the beginning of the new agricultural year was less than last year," said Rylko, "Interfax".
According to him, amounted to 17.9 million tonnes against 18 million tonnes a year earlier. "So reserves to support exports at the expense of stocks, by and large, no," he said. This is due, primarily, with huge exports, according to IKAR, in the last marketing year (July 2017-June 2018) was 54.2 million tonnes, including "informal" exports to Kazakhstan.
"We see that in the stocks is a bit of barley and wheat that can still be exported, but it's not millions, but hundreds of thousands of tons, including grain, in mainland Russia, where it is difficult to get abroad", - said the head of IKAR.
According to the forecast of IKAR, the export of grain this agricultural year will be 41 million tons, including 32.5 million tons of wheat. The gross grain harvest Dmitry Rylko estimates of 112.8 million tons, including 70.8 million tons of wheat.
(Reuters) the Agency IKAR has lowered the forecast of grain harvest in Russia in 2018 to of 112.8 million tonnes with 114,7 million tons previously forecast exports in 2018/19 season has been reduced to 41.0 million tonnes to 43.2 million tonnes.
The Agency has announced that it has lowered the forecast of wheat harvest 70.8 million tonnes 71.5 million tonnes, wheat exports - up to 32.5 million tons with 33 million tons.
Forecast the corn harvest at the same time reduced to 11.8 million tonnes from 12.3 million tonnes, barley - 17.5 million tons from 17.8 million tons.
Industry experts reduce forecasts and harvest of grain exports from Russia due to the effects of adverse weather this year. The agriculture Ministry predicts a grain harvest of 100 million tons, export - 40-45 million tons.
While expanding exports, the government is mainly providing support to large companies and not small and medium business, concluded the chamber. Thus, according to the new decrees may, its share in non-oil exports should increase to 10%.
Most of the governmental measures for supporting exports in Russia is focused on large companies, but small businesses can often be unaware of them. About it RBC said the Director of Department of the accounting chamber for control over the expenditure on international relations Irina Tretyakova.
The auditors concluded that "the national system of export support, in fact, not yet created," according to the website of the accounting chamber, which assessed the Russian movement of support of foreign economic activities. Authorities have "no clear and systematic understanding of how the implemented mechanisms of support of export in the aggregate will affect the exit of Russian products to international markets", said at the Collegium of the chamber auditor Alexander Zhdankov.
Support at the international level have "mostly on large business, which takes full advantage from all the available tools — credit, insurance, subsidy costs, etc.," concluded the auditors. As explained RBC Tretyakov, in most cases the state measures affect support high-tech exports in sectors such as automotive, agricultural machinery, railway engineering and aviation.
The chamber also named major recipients of export support among large companies. "In the railway engineering is a trading house RM rail, in the automobile industry — KAMAZ, agricultural machinery — Rostselmash, in aircraft — "Sukhoi Civil aircraft", — said Tretyakov.
According to auditors, the total amount, which last year supported the Russian export centre in the four priority sectors amounted to $1.4 billion It received 45 organizations. At the same time, the bulk of exports in 2017 amounted to $357,1 billion, "surpassing the 2015 only 4%". Non-commodity non-energy exports over the two years has increased by 13.6%. But half of such supplies "there are only ten States, including a significant portion in China, Kazakhstan and Belarus", indicates the chamber.
The efforts of government agencies in support of exports are not coordinated, and some indicators for the assessment of the relevant priority project "initially underestimated, which leads to their fulfillment," said Jankov. "About the system of support for exports at the regional level not even have to talk. Separately, a trade mission in foreign countries that implement the same functions entrusted to them in different ways. All planning documents, as we have seen, in need of revision and rethinking, including on the achievement of set by the President tasks", — he stressed.
A small proportion
The share of exports, which thanks to state support is carried out by small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), remains low, the report said SP. However, "in most cases, the chamber notes the facts of displacement of exporting SMEs by supporting large exporters," said Tretyakov.
"Exports of SMEs are mainly represented by agricultural products, food and light industry. Such exports though relates to non-commodity non-energy exports, but, as a rule, is not high-tech," she explained.
Settle for less
Expansion of the export of SMEs one of the tasks set in the new the may decree of President Vladimir Putin. The document envisages "the modernization of the system of support for exporters, who are the subjects of small and average business". Their share in the total volume of non-oil exports should grow at least by 10%.
Now definitive ratings of this indicator there. In General, the exporters are 6% of SMEs, said the survey "Support of Russia" for the fourth quarter of last year (.pdf). 68% do business only in their region, and another 26% of supply in other subjects. As the main reasons why companies do not export their goods and services, the respondents reported the "local business idea" (talking about her 46% of those who export).
In support of deliveries abroad there are problems with terminology, it is noted in the message SP. The concept of "non-oil export and non-oil non-energy exports," and the respective lists of goods "regulations not assigned", indicate the auditors.
Another reason for the lack of support for small businesses to export was the "lack of awareness" of small companies about existing tools, said Tretyakov. In addition, they may not have enough knowledge to export.
Export support for small companies effective in small economies, where any person "has a physical ability to reach consumers outside of their country," said the scientific Director of the Laboratory of entrepreneurship research of the Higher school of Economics (HSE) Alexander Chepurenko. "The experience of all the big countries — then Russia is no exception — shows that export support of small business, in principle, covers a very narrow target group. Because the vast majority of SMEs in Russia as a market has at best your subject and a few adjacent. In order to go on exports, they need completely different competences, they do not have", — the expert believes.
Do not need state support in export and large companies, says Chepurenko, as they have their own analytical service and can also establish branches abroad and to use the infrastructure of the Russian trade delegations. These measures could be useful to the average business, but in Russia there is, the expert adds.
Read more on RBC
June 28, 2018 for small and medium business of Saratov region held a workshop on "Effective business communication for exporters".
Educational event aimed at
- development of modern tools of business communications, allowing you to build up a dialogue with a foreign partner, given its national, religious and cultural specificities;
- mastering the technologies of business negotiations and technique of argumentation.
The seminar is held in an internal format that includes practical exercises solving real business cases. Participation is free of charge.
The event takes place in the framework of the implementation of the educational program of the Russian export centre (REC), organized by the export support Center of Saratov region and Saratov socio-economic Institute REU them. G. V. Plekhanov.
For training please complete the application form on the website www.exportedu.ru until June 25, 2018
Additional information can be received by phones: (8452) 39-04-31, 211-801 or e-mail: email@example.com.
Educational program the REC is a refresher course for regional representatives of small and medium businesses interested in the implementation of the export potential of their enterprises, but do not yet have the necessary competencies and skills in the organization of foreign economic activity.
The Ministry of economic development of the region
The grain fell on the background of reduction of fears for the harvest
Pessimistic predictions of low wheat harvest in Russia this year may not be justified. Started last week, cleaning of barley, which is judged by the level of wheat harvest, showed good pace. Against this background informed parastasie export prices for Russian wheat fell to $3.5 to $202,5 per ton, returning to the values of the end of may.
Last week, export prices for Russian wheat have declined from $3.5 to $202,5 per ton (FOB), reported "Sovekon". According to the General Director of "Prozerno" Vladimir Petrichenko, wheat from Russia is trading at $204-205 per ton. The General Director of Institute of a conjuncture of the agrarian markets (IKAR) Dmitry Rylko estimated average trading level of $203 per ton.
Prices for Russian wheat began to decline following the quotations at the world exchanges. According to estimates, "SovEcon", the July contract for wheat in Chicago fell by 3% to $185,2 per ton, which was at least a few weeks. On the stock exchange in Paris, the September contract is trading at $207,5 per ton, which is 1.8% less level a week ago. As a result, export prices for Russian wheat has returned to indicators of the end of may — about $203. However the starting price level for the Russian wheat before the start of the new season exceeds the indicator of June 2017 for about $25.
For operational customs data cited by Ministry of agriculture, since the beginning of the season, on 13 June, Russia exported about 50.5 million tons of grain — more than 47% compared to the same period last year. The supply of wheat grew by 49% to 39 million tonnes. "Sovekon" I do not exclude that by the end of the season total exports of grain from Russia will exceed 54 million tonnes.
The Director of "Sovekon" Andrey Sizov noted that the increase in export prices of wheat from Russia, observed from the end of may, was largely due to inflated fears of serious problems with the harvest in Russia and Ukraine. But last week, started cleaning grain, and it became clear that the most pessimistic assessment of the new crop, primarily in Russia, not confirmed, which is also reflected in the prices, he says. The new harvest of grain began with winter barley, and the degree of correlation in the yield with the yield of winter wheat high notes "Sovekon". So, on June 13, the yield of barley in the Krasnodar region ranges from 33 tons per 1 ha in the southern regions, up to 68 quintals per 1 ha in the North. Thus, writes "SovEcon", the average yield of barley at the start of the harvest reaches 57.8 per hundredweight from 1 hectare against 60.6 per hundredweight from 1 hectare a year earlier.
The first harvesting of the new grain crop may indicate a relatively good wheat crop, according to mister Petrichenko. But the harvesting of winter barley in the South began two weeks earlier than usual, and is one of the signs of the dry conditions, indicates mister Rylko. "Sovekon" estimates the grain harvest in Russia in 2018 at 119.6 million tons, including 73,1 million tons of wheat. The forecast of IKAR — 114 million tonnes 71.5 million tonnes, respectively. In 2017, according to estimates from Rosstat, Russia gathered a record 135.4 million tons of grain, including 85,8 million tons of wheat.
If further observations confirm the existing relatively good as a new grain crop in Russia, the export price of wheat in the coming weeks may be reduced to $200 per ton and below, predicts Andrei Sizov. According to Dmitry Rylko, the prospects of the wheat harvest in the Kuban region are seen very good in this region IKAR expects a yield close to the record of last year. But in General, he warns, the harvest in the South will be below last year in the Rostov, Volgograd oblasts and Stavropol Krai, the drought impact is much stronger.
As said Vladimir Petrichenko, the starting benchmark export prices for Russian wheat in the new season may be the last tender of the Egyptian state company GASC held on 12 June. Then, according to the "SovEcon", GASC bought 300 thousand tons of wheat from Russia with shipment 15-25 July at a price of $209,5–210 per tonne (FOB).
After two consecutive seasons of low prices for wheat (2015/16-2016/17) in the current agricultural year has place confident their growth.
The reason – the extremely low supply of millet. In connection with sharp reduction of areas in 2017, the gross collection was significantly below the needs of the domestic market. At the same time, increased export of this culture.
If in the first half of 2017/18/x g. shortage of millet was covered by reserves from last season, in the second half of producers of wheat began to increasingly experience a shortage of raw materials. The price of millet from September 2017 through may 2018 in the regions-producers increased in 2-2,5 times.
Accordingly, the wheat has risen. So, in the Saratov region is the largest producer of the grains – the average price tag of groats at the end of may this year amounted to 25.5 thousand rubles/ton vs 11.5 thousand rubles/ton in early September 2017.
Domestic consumption and export of millet (tons) average producer prices of millet (RUB/t with VAT)
*Domestic consumption and exports – left axis, price – right axis.
Factory stocks of sugar in Russia, according to Rosstat, from peak Dec-2017 dropped in the first four months of 2018 to 0.928 million tonnes, which is considerably more than in seasons 2010/11 – 2015/16 (0.61-0.84 million tonnes) but lower than in 2016/17 (1.133 million tons).
All season 2017/18, every month updated records of inventory for this time of year. So, factory stocks at the end of April-2018 amounted to 1.487 million tonnes compared with 1.197 million tons a year earlier.
Among the reasons for the high factory stocks in Russia:
- record production of sugar in Russia, which continued into April-2018 (50 thousand tons mainly from molasses and syrup) at the completion of processing of the beet to the beginning of April;
- significant expansion of capacities of factory storage of sugar in Russia and the decline of the practice of seasonal storage in the regions in recent years;
- slow pace of shipments of sugar from factories in February to April 2018;
high for recent years, but insufficient for balancing the domestic market, the pace of sugar exports from Russia in the current season.
Seasonal intensification of the demand in the regions and the continued export of sugar and products from it, the probable delay in the commencement of harvesting and processing beet-2018 (sowing was delayed by 1-3 weeks), can provide a normalization of the domestic stocks of sugar by the end of the 2017/18 season, In any case, before the sugar industry and government faces the challenge of comprehensive development of exports from Russia in all markets and all types of transport, especially marine!
Small enterprises in Leningrad region will receive additional support in the creation of cooperatives and the export of products.
This was in the context of the conference "Cooperation and export. Prospects, challenges, opportunities," said the Governor Alexander Drozdenko.
"The President has set the task to increase the share of small and medium business in the structure of exports to 10%. Leningrad oblast as an export-oriented region has all opportunities to exceed this figure. One of the effective ways of development of a "small" export – it is the creation of production cooperatives, which are easier to compete in the market", — said the head of the region.
He also explained that the region is working with the enterprises-exporters on the principle of "single window", supports participation in exhibitions, training of future exporters, and provides subsidies for the purchase of lease of equipment and machinery.
of the Governor and government Leningrad region